The Ancient Indus Civilization 1 2 3 4 | MAIN Priest King, Mohenjo daro Introduction The greater Indus region was home to the largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia and China. It was not discovered until the 1920's. Most of its ruins, even its major cities, remain to be excavated. The ancient Indus Civilization script has not been deciphered. Many questions about the Indus people who created this highly complex culture remain unanswered, but other aspects of their society can be answered through various types of archaeological studies. Harappa was a city in the Indus civilization that flourished around 2600 to 1700 BCE in the western part of South Asia. Cities and Context The Harappans used the same size bricks and standardized weights as were used in other Indus cities such as Mohenjo Daro and Dholavira. These cities were well planned with wide streets, public and private wells, drains, bathing platforms and reservoirs. One of its most well-known structures is the Great Bath of Mohenjo Daro . There were other highly developed cultures in adjacent regions of Baluchistan, Central Asia and peninsular India. Material culture and the skeletons from the Harappa cemetery and other sites testify to a continual intermingling of communities from both the west and the east. Harappa was settled before what we call the ancient Indus civilization flourished, and it remains a living town today. The Saraswati River In fact, there seems to have been another large river which ran parallel and west of the Indus in the third and fourth millenium BCE. This was the ancient Saraswati-Ghaggar-Hakra River (which some scholars associate with the Saraswati River of the Rg Veda). Its lost banks are slowly being traced by researchers. Along its now dry bed, archaeologists are discovering a whole new set of ancient towns and cities. Meluhha Ancient Mesopotamian texts speak of trading with at least two seafaring civilizations - Magan and Meluhha - in the neighborhood of South Asia in the third millennium B.C. This trade was conducted with real financial sophistication in amounts that could involve tons of copper. The Mesopotamians speak of Meluhha as a land of exotic commodities. A wide variety of objects produced in the Indus region have been found at sites in Mesopotamia. This site tells the story of the ancient Indus Civilization through the words and photographs of the world's leading scholars in the US, Europe, India and Pakistan. It starts with the re-discovery of Harappa in the early 19th century by the explorer Charles Masson and later Alexander Burnes, and formally by the archaeologist Sir Alexander Cunningham in the 1870's. This work led to the the first excavations in the early 20th century at Harappa by Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni, and by R.D. Banerji at another Indus Civilization city, Mohenjo Daro . HARP and Indian excavations Since 1986, the joint Pakistani American Harappa Archaeological Research Project (HARP) has been carrying out the first major excavations at the site since before independence in 1946. These excavations have the shown Harappa to have been far larger than once thought, perhaps supporting a population of 50,000 at certain periods. These continuing excavations are rewriting assumptions about the Indus Civilization, as is recent work by archaeologists in neighboring India. New facts, objects and examples of writing are being discovered every year in India and Pakistan. Harappa.com Almost 600 slides from HARP photographed by Dr. Jonathan Mark Kenoyer [University of Wisconsin, Madison] and Richard H. Meadow [Harvard University] appear on this Website, including the 90 Slide Introduction to the Ancient Indus Civilization. A detailed look at the discoveries from 1995-1998 at the actual site in Punjab describes the comprehensive evidence for a Early Harappan Ravi Phase dating to 3300 BCE. Another 90 slide section covers excavations in 2000-2001. It includes an essay on the early development of Indus arts and technologies. Another section explores the mysterious so-called granary and circular platforms at Harappa. A fifth 90 slide section covers further evidence for the Ravi and Kot Diji phases at the site. A 72 slide series by Sharri Clark [Harvard University] looks at ancient Indus figurines discovered in Harappa. There is also a 103 introduction and image series on Mohenjo Daro, the best known ancient Indus site in Sindh, southern Pakistan. Another 600 slides and essays by a number of other leading scholars of the ancient Indus civilization in India, Pakistan, Europe and America are part of this Website. Many more new facts and theories will be published here in the coming years, for we are only at the beginning of what are likely to be a long series of exciting future discoveries in the Indus and Saraswati river basin. II. Indus Civilization Geography The Largest Bronze Age Urban Civilization Indus civilization remnants have been discovered from as far south as Mumbai [Bombay], in Maharashtra State, India, and as far north as the Himalayas and northern Afghanistan. The westernmost sites are on the Arabian sea coast in Baluchistan, Pakistan, right next to the Iranian border. A thousand miles to the east in India, Harappan settlements have been found beyond India's capital, New Delhi in Uttar Pradesh State. Discoveries in Lothal and Gola Dhoro and Dholavira in Gujarat State suggest a southern coastal network spanning hundreds of miles. Cultural Development Indus culture seems to have gradually spread from west to east, with sites towards central and southern India flourishing after Harappa and Mohenjo Daro had declined. The drying up of the ancient Saraswati or Ghaggar-Hakra River, east of and parallel to the Indus, may also have affected the civilization. There are numerous Indus sites along that river bed. Earlier scholars thought that Indo-Aryan invaders destroyed the Indus cities and pushed the remnant populations into southern India. This model is no longer supported, but the decline of the Indus people and the language that they spoke is still a subject of study. It is unclear whether the ancient Harappans would have spoken an Indo-Aryan or Dravidian language, or possibly have spoken even other languages such as Mundari. The existence of the Brahui tribe in Baluchistan, to the west of the Indus, who speak a Dravidian language like Tamil spoken in southeast India, suggests that some migration of people or culture did occur. However, the date for these migrations is not confirmed. The possible endurance of certain Indus signs like the arrow sign is suggestive of some continuity, but this too needs to be studied further. There also seems to be much greater cultural continuity between ancient Indus times and the era after 1700 BCE until today than earlier archaeologists have tended to recognize. An archaeological look at a contemporary Baluchi fishing village by William Belcher is one such example. New Research and Writing From a look at the mysterious ancient flint mines in the Rohri Hills which date to thousands of years before the greater Indus Civilization (2300 BCE) by Dr. Paolo Biagi [University of Venice] to a tour of new discoveries in Baluchistan by Dr. Ute Franke-Vogt [Aachen University], this site covers some of the exciting discoveries in the larger geographical and cultural stratum that gave birth to the Indus and later Indian civilizations. This site also covers the continuing attempts to decipher the ancient Indus signs and what most scholars regard as one of the world's oldest written languages [for exceptions see Steve Farmer, Richard Sproat [University of Illinois], and Michael Witzel [Harvard University], The Collapse of the Indus-Script Thesis: The Myth of a Literate Harappan Civilization] . This includes publishing in 2006 the essay Study of the Indus Script recent paper by Dr. Asko Parpola [University of Helsinki], the dean of Indus script research. In 2006 we published his response to Farmer, et. al. In May 2006 we published India's script expert, Iravatham Mahadevan's report on the possible find of a stone axe in Tamil Nadu, south India, with ancient Indus signs on it. There is much more work by both these scholars, as well as Pakistan's Ahmad Hasan Dani, who disagrees with the Indus and Dravidian language link. Geoffrey Cooke has an essay which looks at a single unicorn seal find in Mohenjo Daro. This site also reported the first early Indus script find dating to 3300 BCE in Harappa in 1999, which puts the origin of Indus signs as early as those of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Much new research is being undertaken on the ground in India and Pakistan, as well as in Oman and Afghanistan. Radiocarbon chronologies are proving very useful. Satellite imaging is exposing old trade routes. Answers to questions about "Aryan invaders" and the drying up of river beds are likely to be answered in the coming years. Harappa Harappa was an Indus civilization urban center. It lies in Punjab Province, Pakistan, on an old bed of the River Ravi. The latest research has revealed at least five mounds at Harappa that 3-D renditions of Harappa show to have been surrounded by extensive walls. Two mounds have large walls around them, perhaps as much for trade regulation as defense. A structure once considered a granary is now thought to have been a large building with ventilated air ducts. A set of working platforms to the south of this structure are also of great interest to archaeologists. An abundance of terracotta figurines at Harappa provided the first clues in the 19th century to the ancient Indus - often abbreviated as Harappan - civilization. Mohenjo daro Mohenjodaro is probably the best known Indus site. Mohenjo Daro is in Sindh, Pakistan, next to the Indus River, not far from the very early human flint mining quarries at Rohri. The Indus may once have flowed to the west of Mohenjo Daro, but it is now located to the east. Here the Great Bath, uniform buildings and weights, hidden drains and other hallmarks of the civilization were discovered in the 1920's. This is where the most unicorn seals have been found. Due to a rising water table, most of the site remains unexcavated, and its earliest levels have not been reached. Dholavira Dholavira is located on Khadir Beyt, an island in the Great Rann of Kutch in Gujarat State, India. It has only been excavated since 1990. As large as Harappa and Mohenjo Daro, it has some of the best preserved stone architecture. A tantalizing signboard with Indus script has also been discovered. Dholavira appears to have had several large reservoirs, and an elaborate system of drains to collect water from the city walls and house tops to fill these water tanks. Lothal Lothal is on the top of the Gulf of Khambat in Gujarat, India, near the Sabarmati River and the Arabian Sea. It is the most extensively researched Harappan coastal site. A bead factory and Persian Gulf seal have been found here suggesting that like many sites on the Gulf of Khambat, it was deeply into trading. Rakhigarhi Rakhigarhi is a recently discovered city in Haryana, India. Partial excavations have revealed that it is as large as Harappa, Mohenjo Daro and Ganweriwala. Ganweriwala Ganeriwala is in Punjab, Pakistan near the Indian border. It was first discovered by Sir Aurel Stein and surveyed by Dr. M. R. Mughal in the 1970s. It spreads over 80 hectares and is almost as large as Mohenjo Daro. It is near a dry bed of the former Ghaggar or Sarasvati River, and has not been excavated, yet. Equidistant between Harappa and Mohenjo Daro, Ganweriwala may have been a fifth major urban center. Smaller Settlements Gola Dhoro (also known as Bagasara) is a site in Gujarat, India, excavated from 1996 to 2004. A distinctive ancient Indus seal was found there, as well as extensive evidence for the sudden evacuation of this tiny town with well stocked manufacturing facilities. Daimabad is in Maharashtra near Bombay. Discovered in 1958, it is a controversial site. Some suggest that the pottery and single shard with ancient Indus signs on it is definitive of Harappan settlement; others say the evidence is not sufficient. A unique hoard of exquisite bronze chariots and animals that may or may not be of Indus Civilization style was also found here. Chanhudaro is 80 miles south of Mohenjo Daro in Sindh. It was a manufacturing center. Various tool, shell, bone and seal-making facilities which involved writing were found. Beads were made using efficiently layered floors. Chanhudaro seems also to have been hastily abandoned. Sutkagen Dor in Baluchistan is the westernmost known Harappan site located on the Pakistani border with Iran. It is thought to have once been on a navigable inlet of the Arabian Sea. The usual citadel and town are present, as well as defensive walls 30 feet wide. Sutkagen Dor would have been on the trade route from Lothal in Gujarat to Mesopotamia and was probably heavily involved in the fishing trade similar to that which exists today in the coast along Baluchistan. All these sites flourished for various periods between 3500 and 1700 BCE. There are probably many more important Indus sites. Some must have been lost or destroyed by shifting river paths. Others are probably buried under modern towns. What does seem clear is that the important sites were ancient commercial centers. They are on rivers or near the coast. Various specialized manufacturing facilities suggest that they were heavily involved in trade with each other and far outside the region. In aid of Abhyavartin Cayamana, Indra destroyed the seed of Varasikha. At Hariyupiyah he smote the vanguard of the Vrcivans, and the rear fled frighted. Rg Veda (VI.27.5) - - - Is the Hariyupiyah mentioned in this Hymn from the Rg Veda the Harappa of the Indus Civilization? The Vedas contain the oldest recorded history of the subcontinent. The gap between the demise of Harappa and Vedic history has been traditionally estimated at 1,000 years. Yet new work suggests that the Vedas could be much older. One cannot say if Hariyupia refers to Harappa. The place is never again mentioned in the Rg Veda. According to some commentators, it may refer to a river. Varasika and the Vrichivat are not mentioned again either. Nevertheless, the Rg Veda presents much relevant information for understanding the Indus Civilization. A number of other ancient texts, from Mesopotamia, China and Greece, can help shed light on what happened to the Harappans. Aryan Invasion of India? There is no evidence for an Aryan invasion of the subcontinent, as some old archaeologists once thought. But large amounts of new research need to be done to better understand the complex interactions between the Indus Saraswati river basins and the neighboring areas. Below is an excerpt on the connection with Hariyupia and a possible Indo-Aryan invasion from an essay by Jonathan Mark Kenoyer in Edwin Bryant's recent book compiling evidence from many scholars Indo-Aryan Controversy: Evidence and Inference in Indian History (Routledge Curzon, 2005). Hariyupia and the Rg Veda by J.M. Kenoyer "Many scholars have argued that the site of Harappa can possibly be associated with a reference in the Rg Veda (VI.27.4-8) to a place called Hariyupia (Majundar, Raychaudhuri, Datta, 1961; Wheeler 1968; Singh 1995). In this Vedic reference, there is a description of a battle between two forces, one led by Abhyavartin, son of Chayamana (Puru clan) and the other by Turuvasa (Turuvasa Clan); leader of the Vrichivat, seed of Varasika (Sen 1974; Majumdar, Raychaudhuri, Datta, 1961:25-26). The batttle was fought at Hariyupiyia, which appears to have been situated to the east of the Yabyabati River (possibly the Ravi). Half of the attacking force was scattered in the west, presumably on the other side of the river, while the other portion was defeated by Abhyavartin, aided by Indra (Singh 1995). There is no evidence for a battle of conflagration in either the Harappan or later Harappan levels at the site of Harappa, but given the nature of many historical conflicts it is possible that the battle may have taken place outside the city. Since the invading forces were defeated, there is no need to find destruction levels in the city itself and the identification of the place called Hariyupia remains un-resolved." III. Ancient Indus Sites IV. Hariyupiyah and the Aryan Invasion Hypothesis 1. India is often known as the land of rivers, with most of its major cities based on the banks of rivers. Through which of these Indian cities does the river Mithi flow? The correct answer was Mumbai Mumbai, a port city, earlier known as Bombay, is not only the commercial capital of India, but also houses the largest film industry in this part of the world It is named Bollywood, to rhyme with Hollywood. 2. India's rich geographical variety encompasses almost all geographical features like mountains, lakes, waterfalls, geysers, plateaus etc. Which of the following feature is not found in India? The correct answer was Iceberg Glaciers are found in the north in the Himalayas. The Thar desert is in Rajasthan in the northwest and the lagoons are in Kerala in the southwest. Unfortunately, we don't have any icebergs in India or even in the Indian subcontinent. 3. The Royal Bengal Tiger, the national animal of India, is found in the Sunderbans - the largest delta in the Indian subcontinent, also stretching to neighbouring Bangladesh. Why is the Sunderbans so named? The correct answer was from Sunderi, the local name for the mangrove trees which form the primary vegetation of the Sunderbans Sunderbans, situated on the southern tip of the Gangetic West Bengal, comprises of a land of 54 tiny islands, cris-crossed by innumerable tributaries and distributaries of the Ganges and creeks and backwaters all over. Besides, the Royal Bengal Tigers, the forest is also home to a variety of fauna including the largest deltaic crocodiles, dolphins, the king corba, lizards, pythons, olive ridley, checkered killback, gangetic gharial (alligator), giant turtle and deer: and a variety of resident and migratory birds including heron, egret, cormorant, fishing eagle, seagull, kingfisher, whimprel, black-tailed godwit, little sting, easter knot, curlew, sandpiper, golder plover, pintail and whistling teal. . 4. From deltas to bodies of water... India is surrounded by bodies of water on three sides, the west, the south and the east. How many oceans touch the Indian mainland? The correct answer was 1 The Indian Ocean, which touches the southern tip of the Indian mainland is the only ocean touching the Indian mainland. The other two bodies of water are the Bay of Bengal in the east and the Arabian Sea in the west. 5. Which Indian city, famous for its lagoons, is known as the Venice of the East? correct answer was Alleppey 6. The Indian republic comprises of states and union territories. In 2004 how many states and union territories were there? The correct answer was 28 states and 7 union territories The number of Indian states have increased, not only because a few union territories like Delhi and Goa have been given statehood, but also because states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh have been split to create three new states - Uttaranchal, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. 7. India has a long coastline which is serviced by more than 150 ports both major or minor. Which of these ports lies on the eastern sea coast of India? The correct answer was Vizag Vizag is actually a short form of Vishakapatnam, located in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Madurai is not a port at all. 8. The Himalayan mountain range, stands guard to India's northern borders. One of the mountains of the Himalayan range is the highest mountain of India - which one? The correct answer was Kanchenjunga Everest is the highest peak in the world, but it is located in Nepal, K2, the second highest is located in Pakistan-China border belongs to the Karakoram range of mountains (it is not a peak), while Kanchenjunga is the third highest located in the Indo-Nepal border. Cardamom Hills is not a part of Himalayas, it is located in South India. 9. One of the richest states of India, the origin of its name is from the five rivers that once flowed through the state. Which is this state? correct answer was Punjab The rivers are Ravi, Beas, Sutlej, Jhelum and Indus. Post independence, part of Punjab now lies in Pakistan, but still retains the same name. 10. The Seven Sisters of India ... what does this refer to? The correct answer was The seven northeastern states of Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Tripura While all of these sound convincing, the seven northeastern states, on account of their ethnic and cultural similarities, are called the Seven sisters of India. . 1. Over three thousand years old and the capital of modern India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Delhi New Delhi was originally built as capital by the British with a population projection of 70,000. By June 2002, that precise area housed just over eight million residents! 93% of players have answered correctly. 2. This mega-metropolis in the east of the country and home of Mother Theresa for many years. It was first city in India with an underground railway system. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Kolkata Eden Gardens has a capacity of over 100,000 people. 94% of players have answered correctly. 3. What financial capital, known formerly as Bombay, is the centre of India's film industry? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Mumbai Bombay was given to King Charles II of England by the Portuguese as part of a dowry when he married Catherine. 97% of players have answered correctly. 4. What is the home of the Taj Mahal and former capital of India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Agra The capital moved from Agra to Delhi in 1634. 96% of players have answered correctly. 5. What is the main seaport of the state of Goa and centre of the former Portuguese colony? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Vasco-da-Gama Vasco de Gama was the Portuguese seafarer who set out on a voyage around the Cape of Good Hope in 1497. 75% of players have answered correctly. 6. What is the capital of Madhya Pradesh and the site of an ecological disaster in 1984? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Bhopal The Bhopal gas leak resulted in thousands of deaths. 90% of players have answered correctly. 7. What city is situated in the northeast of the country in the state of West Bengal and is surrounded by tea plantations on all sides? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Darjeeling 92% of players have answered correctly. 8. Situated in the north in the state of Gujarat, it is one of the major industrial cities of India and the site of major rioting at the end of February 2002? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Ahmedabad Mahatma Gandhi was born in the state of Gujarat. 83% of players have answered correctly. 9. Once named Madras, what city is situated on the east coast and is the capital of Tamil Nadu? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Chennai Chennai is a major airline hub and one of the world's fastest growing cities. 91% of players have answered correctly. 10. Capital of Andhra Pradesh and the second largest inland city in India, there is a sizable city in Pakistan of the same name. What is it? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Hyderabad Hyderabad, India had a population of 5,300,000 in 2001. Hyderabad, Pakistan had a population of 1,200,000 that same year. 1. The National Emblem of India is adapted from the _______? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Sarnath Lion The Sarnath Lion was adopted by the Government of India on 26th January, 1950 (when India became a Republic). There are 4 lions though one is hidden from view. 76% of players have answered correctly. 2. How different colours are there in the National Flag of India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 4 The National Flag of India is so called "Tirangaa" (Tri-colour). It consists of 3 horizontal strips of saffron, white and green from top to bottom. There is a navy blue wheel (Chakra) on the white band. The ratio of width to length of the flag is 2:3. 65% of players have answered correctly. 3. The Chakra (Wheel) in the Indian national flag has how many spokes? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 24 The Chakra appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion (which is the national emblem). The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22nd July, 1947. 85% of players have answered correctly. 4. Who wrote the national anthem of India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Rabindranath Tagore The song is called "Jana gana mana...". Only the first stanza (out of the five stanzas) forms the National Anthem; its playing time is 52 seconds. It was first sung on 27 December, 1911. Rabindranath Tagore won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 (for his work "Geetanjali"). 79% of players have answered correctly. 5. Who wrote the national song of India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Bankim Chandra Chatterjee The national song is called "Vande Mataram...". The first Political occasion when it was sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress ( Manorama Yearbook, 2001). 76% of players have answered correctly. 6. Which of these is a national soup of India? (It is also the national soup of another country) Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Mulligatawny India has two national soups - Mulligatawny (also the national soup of Sri Lanka) and shorbet. Mulligatawny (in India) is a spicy soup (not exactly a soup in the traditional sense). 27% of players have answered correctly. 7. The national calender of India is _______? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Saka Era Calender At the time of Independence, India followed the Gregorian calendar till the Calender Reform Committee (yes, we had one of those too) asked the Government to adopt the Saka Era Calendar. (I am not sure where or when they use the calendar..). 62% of players have answered correctly. 8. The National Flower of India is ________? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 8- petalled lotus The 8-petalled lotus is scientifically known as "Nelumbo Nucifera". 56% of players have answered correctly. 9. The National Animal of India is _________? (A royal animal indeed, remember Sher Khan) Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Tiger Other accepted answers: Royal Bengal Tiger Bengal Tiger The scientific name of the same is Panthera Tigris (Linnaeus). Best part of it - the National Animal is an endangered species! 83% of players have answered correctly. 10. The National Bird of India is _______? (Bird of extreme grace) Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Peacock Other accepted answers: the peacock Its scientific name is Pavo cristatus. 1. Originating near the lake of Mansarovar in Tibet, this river flows eastward through the Tibetan Himalayas, where it is called the Tsang-Po. It continues eastward for a long distance till the peak of Namcha Barwa in northeastern India, after which it makes a sharp turn southward, and is called the Dihang. Near Sadiya, Assam, it changes course to southwest and takes a new name, goes for around 800 kilometres and then turn southward, changes its name to Jamuna, and empties itself into the Bay of Bengal. It is known to overflow its banks often in northeast India, causing floods and great loss of property. What is the name of this mighty river as it passes through the majority of its path in India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Brahmaputra The Brahmaputra is the strongest river in India, and is the lifeline of many farmers in the northeast who depend on it for irrigation of their crops. Steamers can travel up the river right from its mouth in Bangladesh right up to Dibrugarh in northeast Assam. 81% of players have answered correctly. 2. This westward river originates in Madhya Pradesh in Central India, sandwiched between the Vindhya Range in the North and the Satpura Range in the South. It flows through a tiny bit of northern Maharashtra, before emptying itself in the Arabian sea, just south of the Gulf of Khambat. What is the name of this river? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Narmada There is major dispute going on about a dam that has been built on this river, the Sardar Sarovar Project. This dam was built to provide water to the cities of Gujarat, at the expense of drowning several tribal villages in Maharshtra and Gujarat. There are a number of activists fighting for the rights of the tribals, a dynamic woman named Medha Patkar being at the centre stage. The Booker Prize winning novelist, Arundhati Roy, is also participating in the agitations. 78% of players have answered correctly. 3. This is the main river of the primarily desert state of Rajasthan, and flowing south-westerly, is a fine example of a river with inland drainage. Which river is this? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Luni It rises in the western Aravallis, flows southwest through the Thar desert, before dissipating in the Rann of Kachchh, which is a large salty marsh between northern Gujarat and Pakistan. It is very saline, and is the primary resource for irrigation in Rajasthan. 77% of players have answered correctly. 4. The prime tributary of the Ganga (Ganges), this river rises in the Himalayas, and flows southeast to meet the Ganga at Allahabad. Its upper course forms a long section of the Uttar Pradesh - Haryana border. The confluence with the Ganga at Allahabad is considered a sacred spot by Hindus and is a pilgrimage spot. Which river am I referring to? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Yamuna At the Ganga-Yamuna confluence, the mass of the Yamuna is much greater than that of the Ganga, yet the daughter river takes the name of the Ganga. 81% of players have answered correctly. 5. This is one of the two biggest rivers in the tiny state of Goa, along with the Zuari. It is famous for boat cruises, dolphins, and even an off-shore casino! It finally empties itself into the Arabian sea near Panaji (Panjim), the capital of Goa. What is the name of this river? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Mandovi (Mandavi) The Mandovi River, also known as Gomati, has its origin at Bhimgad in the Sahyadri range of the Western Ghats. It enters Goa from the north and flows for 77 kilometres in the state. 76% of players have answered correctly. 6. Originating in southern Karnataka (Talakaveri in Coorg district), this river flows eastward through the southern states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, before finally emptying itself into the Bay of Bengal. Both the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu do not get blessed with very heavy rains, and so the states have been at loggerheads on the problem of water sharing for several years now. Which river am I talking about? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Kaveri (Cauveri) The Kaveri river has been the centre of a long lasting enmity between the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Both of the states recieve deficient rainfall and hence the need for irrigation by this river. The dispute raging between the states is about how much water Karnataka should release from its dam to Tamil Nadu. This has been the cause of many hunger strikes and clashes, and the situation had gotten so acute that the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu told the farmers of her state to switch from the crops they had been sowing for generations to more water efficient crops. 82% of players have answered correctly. 7. This is the most important river of India, and the holiest river of the Hindus. Originating at the Gangotri glacier in the northern state of Uttaranchal, this river flows southward for a while before turning eastward, flowing through the states of Uttar Pradesh Bihar, and West Bengal, meeting the Brahmaputra, and finishing its long journey in the Bay of Bengal. This river and its numerous tributaries, all contribute to making the land of north India fertile and excellent for cultivation. It is also home to dolphins. Which river is this? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Ganga (Ganges) Also called Bhagirathi (after the sage who is believed to have brought it down from the heavens), Sursuri, and Devnadi the Ganga is the prime water bearer of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, which comprises the most of north India. Unfortunately, lately the river has been getting very polluted, thanks to industial waste, religious 'offerings' of plastic bags filled with flowers, and, yes, corpses. Hence, India supposedly 'purest' river has now become the dirtiest. 90% of players have answered correctly. 8. Punjab, a state in northern India, is known as the 'Land of Five RIvers'? Tell me, what are the names of these five rivers? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Jhelum, Sutlej The Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Jhelum, and Sutlej are the 'Five Rivers of the Punjab' and are responsible for feeding the crops of the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. These rivers help the Indian state of Punjab have a very high productivity level in the agricultural sector, and are the reason for it being self-sufficient with the staple cereal, ie, wheat. All these rivers ultimately meet the Indus river, which originates near the Mansarovar lake in Tibet, close to the source of the Brahmaputra. 86% of players have answered correctly. 9. Which of the following rivers does NOT meet the Bay of Bengal? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Tapi (Tapti) The Vaigai, Mahanadi, and the Godavari all flow eastward, emptying themselves into the Bay of Bengal. The Narmada and the Tapi (which is also called 'Tapti' by some Indians) are the only major rivers of India that empty themselves inth the Arabian Sea. 68% of players have answered correctly. 10. In which country do the Ganga (Ganges) and the Brahmaputra meet? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Bangladesh Both the Ganga and the Brahmaputra (which has, by then, changed its name to 'Jamuna') meet in Bangladesh to form a larger river named the 'Padma'. This river forms a vast delta called the Sunderbans, which is 354 kilometres wide and 16,902 square kilometres in area, which makes the soil in Bangladesh very fertile, but is also prone to frequent flooding. The delta was struck by one of history's most devastating cyclones in 1970. 1. What is the capital of India ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was New Delhi In the year 1911, New Delhi was made the capital of India. Before that, Kolkata was the capital of the country. 95% of players have answered correctly. 2. Many of the cities of India have been renamed. One example is Kolkata. What was Kolkata called before it was renamed ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Calcutta Bombay was also renamed Mumbai, Madras was renamed Chennai. 93% of players have answered correctly. 3. What is the national animal of India ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Royal Bengal Tiger The Royal Bengal tiger lives in the state of West Bengal. It has been chosen as the national animal of India for its beauty. The Peacock is the national bird of India. 79% of players have answered correctly. 4. In which year did India win her struggle for freedom and independence ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 1947 This was a historic moment for India. In 1950, India took the additional step of becoming a republic. 93% of players have answered correctly. 5. What was the name of the freedom fighter of India who chose non-violence as his main weapon ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Mahatma Gandhi Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi, better known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a great freedom fighter. He believed in non-violence and in breaking laws which were unjust. He also led a very simple life. 96% of players have answered correctly. 6. Under which captain, did India win its first World Cup in 1983 ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Kapil Dev India defeated the mighty West Indians and got their first World Cup win. This was one of the greatest upsets in cricketing history. 76% of players have answered correctly. 7. Which is the longest river of India? [I am talking about the length of the river in India itself] Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was The Ganges There's been some controversy on this question. Actually, the Indus and the Brahmaputra are both longer than the Ganges. But the length they travel through India is shorter than the Ganges. 72% of players have answered correctly. 8. What is the main language of India ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Hindi Hindi is the national language of India, and is spoken in almost all of the states in India. 96% of players have answered correctly. 9. Which city is called the "Bollywood City" in India ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Mumbai Mumbai is the main place for all the Indian films. The Indian film industry is called "Bollywood" and its location is in Mumbai. Thus Mumbai is called "The Bollywood City". 93% of players have answered correctly. 10. "Lagaan" was one of the greatest Hindi films ever made by India. It won a nomination for a Oscar, but failed to get it. Who played the male lead role in the film ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Aamir Khan Aamir Khan also produced the film. The female lead was played by Gracy Singh. The story is wonderful and I would request you to watch it once ! I hope you enjoyed my quiz and learned something new about India. Please visit India once, you will not regret it. 1. In which Indian city would you find the Indira Gandhi International Airport? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was New Delhi New Delhi is the capital of India. The Palam International Airport of New Delhi is renamed after Late Mrs Indira Gandhi who was the first woman Prime Minister of India and one of the longest serving ones. A dynamic lady with an iron will, she was hugely popular among the masses. She was assassinated by her own body guards in 1984. 86% of players have answered correctly. 2. Which city is known as Silicon Valley of India'? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Bangalore Bangalore, the capital of the southern state of Karnataka is the hub of the emerging software industry of India. With the skyline dotted with the head offices of giant multinationals like IBM, Oracle, Microsoft, Dell and the sprawling campuses of Indian giants like Infosys and Wipro, it has earned the distinction of 'Silicon Valley of India' originally used to refer to California. The city has also been declared as one of the 'Style capitals' of the world by the prestigious Time magazine recently. A historical city famed for its beautiful gardens and monuments, it is the pride of modern India. 77% of players have answered correctly. 3. Which state is known as 'God's own country'? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Kerala Kerala, declared as one of the 50 places of a lifetime by National Geographic, is really 'God's own country'! With coconut palms dotting the sun kissed beaches and the houseboats drifting in the lazy backwaters, the place is a favourite of the legendry Sir Paul Mc.Cartney. The state is also renowned for its traditional 'Ayurveda' system of medicine, its glorious culture and mouthwatering cuisine. 78% of players have answered correctly. 4. Which Indian city is well known across the world for its film industry? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Mumbai Mumbai, formerly Bombay, the capital of the western state of Maharashtra is the financial capital of India. It is equally famous for its film industry also known as'Bollywood'. India produces the maximum number of films in the world every year. 95% of players have answered correctly. 5. Which place in India is known for its distinct French culture? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Pondicherry The centrally administered region of Pondicherry in southern India was formerly a French colony. Today, it still retains its old world charm in its beautiful villas dotting the bougainvillaea covered boulevards. 77% of players have answered correctly. 6. Which Indian state is known for its wonderful beaches? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Goa Goa, a former Portuguese colony, is the sunbather's paradise. With famous beaches like the Vagator, Miramar, Calangute and beautiful churches, this is the ultimate tourist paradise. 93% of players have answered correctly. 7. Where would you find the only sanctuary of Asiatic lions in the world? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Gujarat The state of Gujarat is the only home to the Asiatic lions. The Gir National park located near the historical city of Junagadh boasts of the largest Asiatic lion population in the world. 72% of players have answered correctly. 8. Where would you find the world famous Taj Mahal? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Agra Agra, on the banks of river Yamuna, is home to the Taj, one of the seven wonders of the medieval world and possibly the most glorious monument of love ever. This marble wonder was built by emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz and houses the tombs of the couple. With beautiful landscaped Mugahal gardens,this is the eternal symbol of love. 95% of players have answered correctly. 9. In which state is the famous Pushkar fair held every year? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Rajasthan Rajasthan, the desert state, is famous for its huge forts and beautiful monuments surrounding the arid deserts. The annual camel fair held at Pushkar is world famous. The state is famous for its hospitality and attaracts the largest number of foreign tourists in India.Jaipur,its capital also known as the'Pink City' recently hosted the AdAsia 2003. 71% of players have answered correctly. 10. The Andaman and Nicobar islands form a part of India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was t The Lakshadweep Islands located in the Arabian sea to the west of India and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to the east in the Bay of Bengal form a part of India. These islands are famous for their unspoilt beauty, and their flora and fauna. 1. After contributing a new word to the English language, which Indian city decided to officially change its name on 1 November 2006? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Bangalore Bangalore was renamed Bengaluru which has been the city's name in the local dialect for years. On December 11, 2005, the Government of Karnataka accepted the proposal of U. R. Anathamurthy, a Jnanpith Award winner (the highest literary award in India) regarding the name change. On 1 November 2006 ten different cities in the state of Karnataka were renamed. To be 'Bangalored' is a recently coined term to refer to a job layoff due to outsourcing. 66% of players have answered correctly. 2. It is well known that Mumbai was known as Bombay before being renamed in December 1995. What was the name given to Bombay by the Portuguese before it passed into the hands of the British? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Bom Bahia Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand de Almeida, reached Bombay in 1508. The group of islands was named Bom Bahai which meant 'good harbour'. Later the British anglicized the name to Bombay. Bombay has always been known as 'Bambai' in Hindi and 'Mumbai' in Marathi and Gujarati. 68% of players have answered correctly. 3. Karnataka is one of the 28 states of India. What was it known as before being renamed in 1973? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Mysore Prior to independence, the Kingdom of Mysore was a princely state within the British Empire. In 1947, the Maharaja of Mysore decided to merge his kingdom with the newly formed country of India. When India was divided into states on the basis of language, people speaking Kanada formed the Mysore state. In 1973, the Government decided to rename the state Karnataka. 64% of players have answered correctly. 4. One of India's newly formed states Uttaranchal was renamed Uttarakhand on 1st January 2007. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was t The state of Uttaranchal was formed on 9th November 2000 and became India's 27th state. The region has traditionally been referred to as Uttarakhand meaning 'Northern Country' in Sanskrit. The state contains some important Hindu pilgrimage sites. 66% of players have answered correctly. 5. Until 1973, the Union Territory of Lakshadweep was known as the Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindive Islands or the anglicized version, Laccadives. What is the literal translation of the name Lakshadweep? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Hundred thousand islands Lakshadweep is the smallest Union Territory of India consisting of a small group of islands in the Arabian Sea. The Arab traveller, Ibn Batuta, has described them in great detail in his works. 68% of players have answered correctly. 6. The name of a type of cotton textile was derived from the former name of the coastal city of Kozhikode. What is the name of the textile? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Calico Calicut is the nearest city to Kappad, a coastal town where Vasco da Gama landed on his voyage to India. Calico was one of the first commodities to be exported to European countries from India. When the cloth is painted with flowers and other designs, it is known as chintz. Madras cloth is also a type of cotton fabric which was named after the Indian city of Madras. Cashmere is derived from the archaic spelling of Kashmir, Nankeen from the Nanking region of China and Muslin from the city of Mosul which is now a part of Iraq. 56% of players have answered correctly. 7. What was Kanyakumari, the southernmost tip of the Indian peninsula, known as during the British rule? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Cape Comorin Cape Comorin was renamed after Indian independence. Islam reached southern India through Cape Comorin and St. Francis Xavier is also believed to have preached extensively in this region. 53% of players have answered correctly. 8. The state of Tamil Nadu was formerly known as Madras. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was t Tamil Nadu was a part of the Madras Presidency during the British rule. When India became independent, the state of Madras was created in 1956 on linguistic basis. Later in 1969 it was renamed Tamil Nadu which means 'Land of the Tamils'. Its capital city, which was also known as Madras, was renamed Chennai in August 1996. However, there still exists a city named Madras in the US state of Oregon. 59% of players have answered correctly. 9. Kochi is located in the state of Kerala. Known as the 'Queen of the Arabian Sea', Kochi was an important port on the spice trade route. What was it called before being renamed in 1996? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Cochin The name Kochi may have been derived from the Malayalam word kochazhi meaning 'small lagoon'. Like most other Indian cities, it is still widely known by both names. 84% of players have answered correctly. 10. This holy Indian city was renamed Varanasi in 1956. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Benares Varanasi is one of the oldest continually inhabited cities of the world. The original name Varanasi was known as Baranasi in the Pali language. This gave rise to alternate spellings like Benares, Banaras and Benaras which were used during the British rule. In literature, Varanasi is often referred to as Kashi which means 'luminous' due to the city's historical status as a centre of learning, literature, and culture. 1. Mark Twain wrote about which of these characters? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Tom Sawyer "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" was Mark Twain's first novel. 97% of players have answered correctly. 2. This character says, "Please, sir, I want some more." Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Oliver Twist The orphans draw straws to decide who will ask for an extra helping. 97% of players have answered correctly. 3. Who was the main character in J.D. Salinger's, "Catcher in the Rye?" Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Holden Caulfield The story of this sixteen-year-old happens just after he's been expelled from prep school. 94% of players have answered correctly. 4. Who chased Moby Dick? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Captain Ahab Captain Ahab hunts Moby Dick, after the whale dismembered him. 94% of players have answered correctly. 5. Which is the "Scarlet Letter?" Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was A Written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the "Scarlet Letter" is considered to be his masterpiece. 73% of players have answered correctly. 6. Where did the story "White Fang" take place? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Alaska "White Fang" complemented Jack London's classic 1903 bestseller "The Call of the Wild". 92% of players have answered correctly. 7. Who wrote "To Kill a Mockingbird"? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Harper Lee Many details of "To Kill A Mockingbird" seem to be autobiographical including Scout's friend Dill, who has assumed to be inspired by Truman Capote, a friend of Harper Lee. Truman Capote also became an award winning author. 96% of players have answered correctly. 8. Which best describes George Orwell's "Animal Farm"? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Animals/Communism "Animal Farm" is often read as a critique against Soviet communism, which it is and was clearly meant to be. But it it is much more general than that. It is a warning that all who desire to be political leaders are suspect. George Orwell, after all, is the man who said, "That rifle on the wall of the laborer’s cottage or working class flat is the symbol of democracy. It is our job to see that it stays there!" 97% of players have answered correctly. 9. Which person penned the Harry Potter novels? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was J.K. Rowling The Harry Potter series comprises seven books. 97% of players have answered correctly. 10. This man wrote "Carrie" and "Cujo" along with many other scary novels. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Stephen King Stephen King's wife, Tabitha, is also a successful author. 95% of players have answered correctly. 11. Which book described the Great Depression? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was "The Grapes of Wrath" The "Grapes of Wrath" is one of John Steinbeck's most acclaimed novels. 94% of players have answered correctly. 12. Which book is about a little girl from Kansas? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was "The Wizard of Oz" Probably remembered more because of the movie, the book is somewhat different, making it a refreshing read. 97% of players have answered correctly. 13. Which book is centered on a horse? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was "Black Beauty" This story teaches us to overcome barriers no matter what the obstacles are. 97% of players have answered correctly. 14. Which story by Edgar Allan Poe has the main character confessing his sins because of a noise he's experiencing? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was "Tell-Tale Heart" "Villains!" I shrieked, "dissemble no more! I admit the deed! - tear up the planks! - here, here! - it is the beating of his hideous heart!" The story leads some to think that he was listening to his own heartbeat. 66% of players have answered correctly. 15. Which play by Shakespeare has lovers committing suicide? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was "Romeo & Juliet" "Romeo and Juliet" was written by Shakespeare around 1594 or 1595. 1. The young mathematician is presented with this problem: (13 + 7) x (5 - 3) / 4 x (1 + 1) = Which operation would the young mathematician do first? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Those inside parentheses Parentheses take precedence, always - they are only necessary in an equation for that purpose. Ignore them to your peril. So the answer would be: (13 + 7) x (5 - 3) / 4 x (1 + 1) = 20 x 2 / 4 X 2 = 40/8 = 5 96% of players have answered correctly. 2. The young math student wants to learn more. He proceeds with his lessons. One of the most basic properties of math is demonstrated here. What is it called? 2 + 3 = 3 + 2 Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Commutative Property This is the commutative property. Something that commutes (like a commutator or commuter) goes back and forth, changing direction returning to its original state/position. The math example demonstrates that same property, since writing the equation in either direction (as "3 + 2" and "2 + 3") results in the same answer, 5. Note that addition and multiplication are both commutative, while subtraction and division are not. Try a few examples and show it to yourself. 46% of players have answered correctly. 3. The young student is taught another basic, yet important, property of mathematic operations, and it's demonstrated below. Which property is it? (5 + 2) + 7 = 5 + (2 + 7) Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Associative Property Note the order of the operands does not change as it would in a demonstration of commutativity, just the arrangement of the parentheses. Think of the three operands, 5, 2 and 7 as classmates. In the example, the left side shows classmates 5 and 2 being friends (in other words, "associating") leaving '7' by itself. The right side of the equation shows the same three classmates, but this time 2 and 7 are associating, and 5 is alone. 61% of players have answered correctly. 4. Which mathematical property is demonstrated below? 3 + 0 = 3 Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Identity Property Adding zero to any number does not change the number's value. So, by definition, zero is the identity element for addition (and subtraction). Likewise, the number one is the identity element for multiplication and division, as in 7 x 1 = 7 . While this property may seem obvious, it is good to understand what it means and how one can use it to simplify otherwise (possibly complex) equations. 73% of players have answered correctly. 5. Which property of math is the young student learning with the following equation? 3 x (4 + 7) = (3 x 4) + (3 x 7) Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Distributive Property Note how the three is "distributed" to each of the elements in the parentheses. Knowing this characteristic is important for the proper solving of certain algebraic equations. 66% of players have answered correctly. 6. By convention, what is the correct order of operation for the following equation, written as such? 5 + 2 x 8 / 4 - 3 = Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Multiply, Divide, Add, Subtract We scan the equation and perform operations in the following order: Parentheses, Exponents and Roots, Multiplication and Division, Addition and Subtraction (sometimes abbreviated as PEMDAS). If there are competing operators, work from left to right. So we would do the following: 2 x 8 = 16, then 16 / 4 = 4, then add 5, then subtract 3 and we get 6. Imagine if we tossed aside convention and simply performed the math in pure left-to-right order? 5 + 2 = 7, then 7 x 8 = 56, then 56 / 4 = 14, then 14 - 3 = 10! 68% of players have answered correctly. 7. Which of the following DOES NOT indicate multiplication of the number 4 and the variable, 'Y'? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 4%Y Another is to place a dot (a little higher than a period) between the '4' and the 'Y'. Note how confusing it would get to use the 4 x Y approach we all learned as youngsters in Algebra where we often use the letter 'x' to represent "the unknown quantity": 4 x X is a bit confusing. Most mathematicians use the 4Y syntax - it's unambiguous, succinct and easy to write. Programmers use the asterisk: 4 * Y 80% of players have answered correctly. 8. In mathematics, what is a binary operation? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was One that involves two operands Addition and multiplication are two examples of binary operations. The equations 2 + 3 and 2 x 3 each have two operands (the '2' and the '3') and one binary operator (the '+' or the 'x') There are "unary" operations such as placing a minus sign in front of a number to make it negative: -41 One is more likely to run into unary operators in computer programming, however. 55% of players have answered correctly. 9. When multiplying two negative numbers, what kind of number does one always get for an answer? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Positive number Two negative numbers, when multiplied, always yield a positive number. 79% of players have answered correctly. 10. Generally speaking, dividing some non-zero number by zero yields what result? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Undefined or infinity Depending on the context, dividing by zero can be quite problematic. In the simplest case, the answer is undefined - after all how does one physically divide something zero times? However, in some more advanced cases it is useful to consider the answer to be infinity. 1. 2x + 4 = 14. What is x? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 5 2(5) + 4 = 14. 10 + 4 = 14. 95% of players have answered correctly. 2. 2x + 5x = 35. What is x? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 5 2x + 5x = 35. 7x = 35. 7(5) = 35. 92% of players have answered correctly. 3. 4x + 2y = 20. If x = 4, what is y? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 2 4x + 2y = 20. 4x + 2(2) = 20. 4x + 4 = 20. 4x = 16. 4(4) = 16. 91% of players have answered correctly. 4. 20 - x = 18. What is x? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 2 20 - x = 18. 20 - 2 = 18. 95% of players have answered correctly. 5. 5x + 2y - 3z = 16. If x = 2 and y = 3, what is z? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 0 5x + 2y - 3z = 16. 5(2) + 2(3) - 3z = 16. 10 + 6 + 3z = 16. 16 + 3z = 16. 16 + 3(0) = 16. 16 + 0 = 16. 1. What is the number called located on the bottom part of a fraction? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was denominator Numerator is on the top and Denominator is on the bottom. 93% of players have answered correctly. 2. What is 15% of $200? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was $30 Other accepted answers: 30 30 dollars $30.00 15% of 200 = 15/100 x 200 = 30 79% of players have answered correctly. 3. Which of the following terms would you more likely come across while studying Trigonometry? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Sine Sine, Cosine and Tangent Ratios are the basis for Trigonometry taught in High School ... 69% of players have answered correctly. 4. Parallel lines ... Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was never meet Parallel lines never meet and are always the same distance apart. 94% of players have answered correctly. 5. Whose formula for triangles says that the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Pythagoras Pythagoras' rule for right angled triangles : the square of the hypotenuse (the longest side) is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. It always seems to work! 81% of players have answered correctly. 6. Finish this sequence by writing in the next appropriate word ... triangle, quadrilateral, pentagon, __________ ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was hexagon A hexagon is a 6 sided polygon. 72% of players have answered correctly. 7. The circumference of a circle can also be called the _________ Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was perimeter Circumference is the outside length around the circle. 76% of players have answered correctly. 8. Solving the quadratic equation (x+1)(x-1)=0 will give you an answer of: Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was x = 1 , -1 (x+1)(x-1) is a quadratic and hence can have more than one correct answer. Positive and Negative 1 both apply. 62% of players have answered correctly. 9. What will applying the formula: 'Multiplying the base and the height and then dividing by two' give you an answer for? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Area of a triangle 76% of players have answered correctly. 10. Which area of Mathematics deals with protractors, segments, circumferences and sectors? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Geometry Geometry looks at the space within and around two dimensional and three dimensional objects. 10. Paul took a science test in school. If he got 23 out of 27 questions right what percentage did he score? Please round to the nearest percent. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 85% You can divide 23 by 27 and multiply the answer by 100. If you have any questions or comments about this quiz please send me a message. 69% of players have answered correctly. 1. A natural number is doubled when added to its reciprocal. Find that number! Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 1 Let the number be "x". This gives: x + 1/x = 2x => 1/x = 2x - x => 1/x = x => x^2 = 1 => x = [plus or minus] 1 Since x is a natural number, it has to be positive; therefore x = 1. === (In case you didn't know, the carat (^) sign is used before exponential powers, e.g., "seven cubed" is written as "7^3".) 66% of players have answered correctly. 2. The logarithm (base ten) of five hundred times an integer is three. Find that number! Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 2 Let the unknown number be "x". log(500x) = 3 Notice that 3 can be written as "log(1000)", because 10^3 = 1000. Substituting "3" with "log(1000)", log(500x) = log(1000) Cancelling log from both sides, 500x = 1000 => x = 2 And so the value of the integer is 2. 39% of players have answered correctly. 3. A natural number is halved when reduced by thirteen. Find that number! Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 26 Other accepted answers: twenty six twenty-six Let the number be "x". (Pardon me for using "x" each time to represent the unknown quantity, just don't want to deviate from tradition.) x - 13 = (1/2)x => x - (1/2)x = 13 => (2x - x)/2 = 13 => x/2 = 13 => x = 26 77% of players have answered correctly. 4. Twice a negative integer is eight less than its square. Find that number! Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was -2 Let the number be "x". According to the given data: 2x = x^2 - 8 => x^2 - 2x - 8 = 0 => x^2 - 4x + 2x - 8 = 0 => x(x - 4) + 2(x - 4) = 0 => (x + 2)(x - 4) = 0 This gives x = -2 or x = 4. However, as it's a negative integer we're looking for, 4 cannot be the answer, which means it is -2. 64% of players have answered correctly. 5. A positive integer is equal to 4 times its reciprocal. Find that number! Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 2 Let tbe positive integer be "x". This means its reciprocal is (1/x). x = 4(1/x) => x = 4/x => x^2 = 4 => x = 2 or -2 Since "x" is supposed to be positive, the number is 2. 69% of players have answered correctly. 6. The sum of the square of a negative integer and itself is zero. Find that number! Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was -1 Let the negative integer be "x". x^2 + x = 0 => x(x + 1) = 0 => x = 0 or -1 As we're looking for a negative integer, -1 is the answer. 58% of players have answered correctly. 7. The product of a positive integer and the integer that succeeds it is twelve. Find that number! Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 3 Let the unkown number be "x". Therefore, the number that succeeds it is (x + 1). According to what's given, x(x + 1) = 12 => x^2 + x = 12 => x^2 + x - 12 = 0 Factorising the left hand side of this quadratic equation, (x - 3)(x + 4) = 0 This gives x = 3 or -4. However, since it's a positive integer we're looking for, we reject x = -4, thus leaving only x = 3 as a possible answer. 67% of players have answered correctly. 8. The digit in the units place of a two-digit number exceeds that in the tens place by one. If the number is equal to four times the sum of its digits, find that number! Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 12 Other accepted answers: twelve Let the digit in the tens place be "x". Since the digit in the units place exceeds that in the tens place by 1, it becomes (x + 1). The sum of the digits = x + x + 1 = 2x + 1 Any two-digit number can be expressed in the following manner: 10*(digit in the tens place) + (digit in the units place) e.g. 34 = 10*3 + 4; 71 = 10*7 + 1 Thus, the number we are seeking can be expressed as [10x + (x + 1)]. According to the given data, 4(2x + 1) = 10x + (x + 1) => 8x + 4 = 10x + x + 1 => 3x = 3 => x = 1 Hence, the digit in the tens place is 1. The digit in the units place is given by (x + 1) = 1 + 1 = 2. And so the number is 12. 49% of players have answered correctly. 9. A number added to twice itself gives twenty-one. Find that number! Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 7 Other accepted answers: seven Let the number be "x". x + 2x = 21 => 3x = 21 => x = 7 Whoever said algebra was tough? :-) 73% of players have answered correctly. 10. The fourth power of a positive integer is equal to four times its square. Find that number! Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 2 Let the number be "x". This gives: x^4 = 4x^2 => (x^2)^2 = 4(x^2) To make things simple, let x^2 = y. => y^2 = 4y => y^2 - 4y = 0 => y(y - 4) = 0 => y = 0 or 4 If y = 0 then x = 0 and if y = 4 then x = 2 (because two squared equals four). Since it is given that x is a positive integer (which 0 isn't), the number is 2. === I hope this quiz helped exercise your grey matter and you had a good time playing it! 1. I don't know you and you don't know me. But I know how big is the probability that we both celebrate our birthday on the same day. And you? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 1:365 Other accepted answers: 1 : 365 1:366 1 : 366 My birthday doesn't matter, I can choose any day of the year (365:365). That leaves one day in a year for you to have the same birthday as me, so 1 : 365 is the answer. Or, when we're in a leap year, it has to be recalculated of course. 43% of players have answered correctly. 2. A teacher has 10 pupils in his classroom. He has 1 gift to give to one of his students. He writes down a number on a piece of paper and says to the first student: pick a number between 1 and 10, if you guess the number then you get the present... If not, I'll continue with the rest of the class. The boy in the back starts crying and says 'it is not fair, I don't have an equal chance'. Supposing no one picks the same number twice, is he (the boy) right? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was no He's wrong and the teacher was fair (as always, duh). The first student has a chance of 1:10 to pick the right number. The second one gets a shot when the first one guessed wrong (odds 9:10) and he has then a chance of 1:9 (because there are only 9 possible numbers left), in total that makes (9:10) x (1:9) = 1:10. The third gets his shot when the first AND the second have guessed wrong (9:10)x(8:9) and has then 1:8 chance to guess the right number, in total this makes (9:10) x (8:9) x (1:8) = 1:10. And so on, and so on... 46% of players have answered correctly. 3. Fill in the blank: 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, ... ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 34 Starting from the third number, the number is the sum of the two preceding numbers... So 13 + 21 = 34. 75% of players have answered correctly. 4. Can 234567 be divided by 9 (resulting in a natural number, that is)? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was yes Other accepted answers: y To check if a number can be divided by 9, you have to make the sum of every digit in that number. If this sum can be divided by 9, then the original number can be also. 2+3+4+5+6+7 = 27, and 27:9 = 3... 79% of players have answered correctly. 5. Fill in the blank: 0, 2, 6, 14, 30, ... ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 62 Different ways to get there. The difference between two following numbers is a power of 2 (2, 4, 8, 16, 32). Or, starting from the second number, it is the preceding number + 1 multiplied with 2. (0+1)x2=2, (2+1)x2= 6, ... 1. Without using a calculator or a pencil and paper, which of these is a perfect square? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 79242972893648656 This may seem impossible to do, but three of these choices can be eliminated based on the digits. 2893467827688677 and 9134751098236810 can both be eliminated because a square number must end in a 1, 4, 5, 6, 9, or 00. Finally, 5916378240699596 is eliminated because a square number's digital root must be 1, 4, 7, or 9. A digital root is calculated by adding the digits of the number and then adding the digits of the resulting number and repeating the process until we are left with a 1-digit number (e.g. to find the digital root of 89...8+9=17, 1+7=8). This leaves us only one choice. 36% of players have answered correctly. 2. What is the sum of the infinite series 1 + 0.5 + 0.25 + 0.125 + 0.0625 + ... ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 2 The formula for finding an infinite sum is A/(1-R), where A is the first term and R is the common ratio, or the number by which you have to multiply the first term to get the second term. In this case, A = 1 and R = 0.5. A/(1-R) = 1/(1-0.5) = 1/0.5 = 2. 50% of players have answered correctly. 3. Let f(x) = 3x/2. Let g(x) = 2x + 3. What is f(g(f(g(f(g(f(2)))))))? Write your answer as a fraction, not a decimal. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 279/2 It just takes some work to do this one. Start like this: f(2) = 3(2)/2 = 3. g(3) = 2(3) + 3 = 9, and so on. 27% of players have answered correctly. 4. An ant starts at the origin and moves one unit to the right, 1/2 unit up, 1/4 unit left, 1/8 unit down, 1/16 unit right, and so on. If it continues infinitely, on what point is it converging? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was (4/5, 2/5) Take the coordinates separately. First, the x-coordinate. The x-coordinate of where the ant converges can be expressed as an infinite sum 1 - 1/4 + 1/16 - 1/64 + .... Using the formula given earlier, the sum is 1/(1-(-1/4)) = 4/5, so the x-coordinate is 4/5. Similarly solving for the y-coorindate of the point, we get 2/5. 23% of players have answered correctly. 5. I am somewhere on earth. I go one mile south, one mile east, and one mile north and I am back where I started. Where must I be? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Cannot be determined with the information given. Yes, the North Pole is one possible place, but there are others. The "widest" part of the Earth is at the equator. However, if you go far enough north or south, the "circumference" of the earth will get smaller, eventually, near the poles, the circumference is only a mile. If you are one mile above such a place, then you can go one mile south and one mile east, circling the earth to end up right where you were, and then one mile north to end up back where you started. This is sort of hard to explain without a diagram. 25% of players have answered correctly. 6. An easy one. Solve for x: 7x - 2 = 4x + 1 Write your answer as a number. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 1 Subtract 4x from both sides and you get 3x - 2 = 1. Then, add 2 to both sides to get 3x = 3. Finally, divide both sides by 3 and you get x = 1. 66% of players have answered correctly. 7. Another easy one: Factor: x^3 - y^3 Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was (x - y)(x^2 + xy + y^2) If you do not already know how to factor the difference of two cubes, then just multiply all of the choices and you will get the right answer. 46% of players have answered correctly. 8. What is the slope of the line tangent to the parabola f(x) = x^2 + 1 at x = 2? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 4 To find the slope of the line tangent to a curve at x = a, you use limits. The expression is the limit as h approaches 0 of the expression (f(a + h) - f(h))/h. Evaluating the limit, we get 4. 38% of players have answered correctly. 9. Find the sum: 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + ... + 100 Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 5050 There is a formula for the sum of 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + ... + n. It is n(n+1)/2. Substituting 100 for n, we get 5050. If you don't know this formula, you can find the sum quickly by grouping the numbers like this: 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + ... + 100 = 1 + 100 + 2 + 99 + ... + 50 + 51. This is equal to 101 + 101 + 101 + 101 + ... 50 times. Multiplying, 50 x 101 = 5050. 39% of players have answered correctly. 10. What is the maximum number of regions into which 100 straight lines can divide a plane? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 5051 The formula for finding the number of regions that n lines can divide a plane into is (n(n+1)/2) + 1. Substituting 100 for n, we get 5051. 1. Which shark is named after its stripes and aggressive hunting techniques. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Tiger shark The tiger shark is a dangerous shark to tropical waters as the great white shark is to temperate waters. Its strong, sharp teeth are capable of sawing through turtle shells. Its dark stripes on its grey back are pronounced in juveniles but can disappear in large adults. 94% of players have answered correctly. 2. What is the name of the largest marine mammal of the 'dolphin' family? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Killer whale The whale shark is the largest species of shark. The killer whale lives in all the world's oceans especially in polar seas. These 30ft killers regard almost any creature in the sea to be considered as food. Like other dolphins, they are intelligent and can be trained in captivity. 56% of players have answered correctly. 3. What is the character part played by Grace Jones in the Bond movie 'A View to a Kill'(1985)? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was May Day 'May Day' is a humourless, Amazon-like girlfriend to villain Max Zorin. She also is a martial arts trainer who possesses extraordinary strength. 41% of players have answered correctly. 4. Which famous explorer called the native people of America, Indians? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Christopher Columbus In 1492 he set out with three ships (Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria). He thought he had established a route to the East Indies and China by crossing the Atlantic Ocean. Believing he had reached the East, he called the American inhabitants 'Indians'. 71% of players have answered correctly. 5. Which artist painted 'Cornfield and Cypress Trees', 'The Potato Eaters' and 'Self Portrait'? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Vincent van Gogh This virtually self-taught, Dutch painter was a lay preacher to Belgium coal miners. Although he painted 'Sunflowers' (1888), 'The Night Cafe' (1888) and 'Starry Night' (1889), he only sold one painting during his lifetime hence was supported by his younger brother Theo. 71% of players have answered correctly. 6. What is London's tallest building? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Canary Wharf tower 'The Canary Wharf' tower stands 244 metres high. Approximate heights of the following are: 'Post Office tower' (540 feet), 'Big Ben clocktower' (316 feet) and 'Nelson's column' (165 feet). 38% of players have answered correctly. 7. What was the former occupation of all of the following: Geoff Capes (Shot putter), ice-skater Christopher Dean (Torvill and Dean fame), George Orwell (novelist) and Ray Reardon (Snooker)? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Policeman George Orwell served in the Burmese police force for 5 years. He resigned as he wanted to become a writer. 39% of players have answered correctly. 8. Which 15th century Irish castle is home to a famous stone in which kissing the stone gives people the 'gift of the gab' (fast fluent talk)? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Blarney Castle Malbork Castle sited near Gdansk, Poland, was built by Teutonic knights in 1309 and is the biggest medieval castle. Bran Castle in Romania is one of the castles of Vlad the Impaler, the original Count Dracula. 86% of players have answered correctly. 9. Which is the largest inhabited castle in England? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Windsor Carisbrooke castle is on the Isle of Wight. Caernarvon castle in Wales was the scene of investiture of Prince Charles as the Prince of Wales in 1969. Doune castle in Scotland was used to film 'Monty Python and the Holy Grail'. 83% of players have answered correctly. 10. Which of the following statements about swans is INCORRECT? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was The 'Mute' swan remains silent The mute swan makes various grunts and hissing noises. It does not have the musical calls of 'Whistler' or 'Trumpeter' swans which are so aptly named after the sounds they make. 51% of players have answered correctly. 11. Name a dark grey rain-bearing cloud and the name of the halo of a saint. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Nimbus Nimbus is a rain cloud and cumulonimbus are clouds associated with thunderstorms. 52% of players have answered correctly. 12. Name the highest peak in the Alps. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Mont Blanc It lies on the border between France and Italy and its height is 15,771 feet. 'Monte Bianco' is its Italian name. 50% of players have answered correctly. 13. Where did Napoleon I die? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Died on the island of St. Helena He was born Napoleon Bonaparte in Corsica. He suffered a decisive defeat at Waterloo and the mountainous island of St Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean was where he was exiled in 1815 until 1821 when he died. 69% of players have answered correctly. 14. Which metal has the highest melting point? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Tungsten Its melting point is 3,410 degrees Celsius. The name Celsius, named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius who devised the temperature scale, officially replaced centigrade in 1948. 67% of players have answered correctly. 15. Which famous woman now uses the name 'Madikizela' in her name title? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Winnie Mandela She is now known as Winnie Madikizela-Mandela and is the former wife of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. 1. Who was the first Speaker of the Indian Parliament ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was GV Mavlankar Ganesh Vasudeo Mavlankar was the first speaker of the Indian Parliament. He officiated as speaker from 1952-1956. Sukumar Sen was the first Chief Election Commisioner, HJ Kania the first Chief Justice and RD Katari the first Chief of the Naval staff. 56% of players have answered correctly. 2. Who was the first woman Governor of a state in India ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Sarojini Naidu Sarojini Naidu, known as the ‘Nightingale of India’ was the first woman to be appointed as the Governor of a state. She was the Governor of the United Provinces / Uttar Pradesh from 1947 to 1949. 55% of players have answered correctly. 3. What was the code name given to the operation to liberate Goa from the Portuguese ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Operation Vijay In 1961, the Indian Premier Jawaharlal Nehru ordered a military operation in Goa to liberate it from the Portuguese. This operation was known as 'Operation Vijay'. 'Operation Cactus' was the liberation of Maldives from the mercenaries, 'Operation Meghdoot' was the operations in Siachen after 1984 and 'Operation Rescue' was the Jammu and Kashmir operations in 1947. 39% of players have answered correctly. 4. India is the one of the few nations in the world to have developed an ICBM – Intercontinental Ballistic Missile. By what name is it known ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Agni The Agni-II (Fire) series of missiles is an ICBM with a strike range of 2000+ km. Trishul (Trident) is a surface to air missile, Prithvi (Earth) is a short-range surface to surface missile while Nag (Snake) is an anti-tank missile. 51% of players have answered correctly. 5. Which of the following amendments to the Indian Constitution is popularly referred to as the Anti-Defection Bill ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Fifty Second amendment The Fifty Second amendment to the Constitution was passed in 1985 to curb defections from political parties. This is popularly referred to as the Anti-Defection Bill. The Thirty Ninth amendment and Forty Second amendment was passed during the Emergency period and contained many draconian provisions. The Sixty First amendment lowered the voting age to 18. 29% of players have answered correctly. 6. When did television begin in India ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 1959 Television started in India with an experimental service in September 1959. The regular service started in 1965 in Delhi. The year 1972 saw TV move beyond Delhi to cover Bombay. Then in 1976, TV was unlinked from radio to form a separate organisation called Doordarshan (DD). 34% of players have answered correctly. 7. Which opposition leader compared Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to Goddess Durga? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Atal Behari Vajpayee The leader of the Jan Sangh Atal Behari Vajpayee compared Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to Goddess Durga. This was after the victory in the 1971 war with Pakistan. 28% of players have answered correctly. 8. The Indian stock market is one of the fastest growing in the world giving handsome returns to investors. Which is the regulatory body whose function is to regulate working of the stock market and protect the rights of the investors ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was SEBI SEBI is the Securities and Exchange Board of India whose job is to regulate working of the stock market and protect rights of the investor. BSE and NSE are the two principal stock exchanges and RBI the governing bank. 53% of players have answered correctly. 9. Who was the first woman Chief Minister of a state in India ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Sucheta Kriplani Sucheta Kriplani was the first woman to become the Chief Minister of an Indian state. She was the CM of Uttar Pradesh from 1963 to 1967. Subsequently Nandini Satpathy became CM of Orissa (1972) Sashikala Kakodkar became the CM of Goa (1973). Indira Gandhi was never the CM of any state. 62% of players have answered correctly. 10. India announced its arrival as one of the Asian tigers after it launched its economic reforms program, known as LPG (Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation) in 1991-92. Who was the Prime Minister of India during this time ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Narasimha Rao The path-breaking economic reforms program was launched during the tenure of Narasimha Rao who became Prime Minister of India following the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi. The reforms program was developed by Manmohan Singh who was the Finance Minister under Rao. 1. In 1950, when the Constituion of India was enacted, how many Articles did it contain? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 395 Then the longest Constitution in the world, the Constitution of India contained 395 Articles and 8 schedules, marking the birth of the world's largest parliamentary democracy. According to the noted jurist, Granville Austin, no other nation's constitution "has provided so much impetus toward changing and rebuilding society for the common good." Between 1950-2004 it has been amended 91 times, and has helped maintain the world's largest democracy, but for a brief interregnum in the middle. Source: en.wikipedia.org 53% of players have answered correctly. 2. Which prominent Opposition leader died in government custody in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, where he was arrested after leading a march? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Shyama Prasad Mookherjee Founder of the Jana Sangh, the forerunner of the current Bharatiya Janata Party, Shyama Prasad Mookherjee protested the Indian government's decision to prevent entry to Jammu and Kashmir without a permit, since he believed that "this would lead to the creation of a state within a state". He organized this march in June 1953 and was arrested, but died in custody on June 23, 1953. This event caused great uproar and tarnished the image of Nehru for some time. www.hindustantimes.com 53% of players have answered correctly. 3. Asia's first nuclear reactor was built in India. What was it called? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Apsara Apsara, the first nuclear reactor anywhere in Asia, was built with Canadian help and was a 1 MW reactor. This was followed up by several other nuclear reactors across the country and India currently has seven nuclear reactors for generating electricity, besides helping in an active nuclear weapons programme. 41% of players have answered correctly. 4. One of the worst tragedies not just on the history of India, but the world, the Partition led to the loss of millions of lives and displacement of several million more. Which of these former British provinces was NOT partitioned? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Sind The tragedy of Partition, which threatened to cause a collapse in the nascent states cannot be put down to any one cause, but the fact remains that when a lot of displaced people, who lost everything they had, because of a line on a map, want to express their frustration and anger at others, the results can only get very, very ugly. Communal riots inflamed most of the sub-continent, and for a while Gandhi's statement, "Leave India or leave us to anarchy", seemed to have taken an ominous reality. 31% of players have answered correctly. 5. Which of these steel plants, built with foreign assistance, was the first public sector steel plant constructed in India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Rourkela "Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP), the first integrated steel plant in the Public Sector in India, was set up with German assistance in 1956 with an installed capacity of 1 million tonnes. Subsequently, the capacity was enhanced to 1.8 million tonnes. Recently the plant has been modernized with a number of new units with state-of–the–art facilities and most of the old units have been revamped and modernized for effecting substantial improvement in the quality of products, reducing the cost and ensuring a cleaner environment." Souce: www.sail.co.in website of Steel Authority of India. Ltd. 20% of players have answered correctly. 6. In 1952 Potti Sriramulu died after undertaking a fast unto death for the creation of a state for the Telugu-speaking community in India, by agglomerating districts from Madras, Hyderabad and Bombay states, which had Telugu majorities. What was the name of the state he tried to create at the time? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Andhra Pradesh This tragedy sparked national debate on the creation of states on the basis of linguistic lines and although it ultimately led to the demarcation of states on linguistic lines, including Andhra Pradesh. Critics have said that this has only led to more disintegration of the Indian nation, its supporters have said that India never had a homogeneous identity, and an aritificial one should not be imposed. 45% of players have answered correctly. 7. Which country was the only one to still have colonial possessions in India at the end of the 1950s? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Portugal India liberated Goa and finally ended the last outpost of colonialism in the sub-continent in 1961, in a largely bloodless invasion by the Indian Army. However, India was critcized for this by some Western nations, whereas Asian and Communist nations welcomed the move. It was a triumph for India and the end of colonialism in India. 74% of players have answered correctly. 8. "The light has gone out of our lives", said Nehru when this man died died. Who? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Gandhi Other accepted answers: Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Gandhi Mohandas 'Mahatma' Gandhi, died on January 30th, 1948 at the hands of Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic who believed that Gandhi was responsible for the partition of India. Nehru, whose tearful speech, on the death of his guru and the Father of the Nation, poignantly captured the mood of the nation on this tragic day. It is said that, in his death, Gandhi managed to end the communal riots and bring a much needed peace to the fledgling republic. Godse's act, also managed to marginalize the right wing Hindus in Indian Politics, till the 90s. 76% of players have answered correctly. 9. Between 1948 and 1960, how many Olympic gold medals did the Indian hockey team win? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 3 "The Golden Era of hockey in India was the period from 1928 - 1956 when India won 6 consecutive gold medals in the Olympics. During the Golden Era, India played 24 Olympic matches, won all 24, scored 178 goals (at an average of 7.43 goals per match) and conceded only 7 goals. The two other gold medals for India came in the 1964 Tokyo Olympics and the 1980 Moscow Olympics." http://sify.com/sports/hockey/fullstory.php 21% of players have answered correctly. 10. The first Indo-Pakistani war ended with a UN sponsored cease-fire when Pakistan approached the UN Security Council Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was f It was in fact India which approached the UN Security Council in the hope of having Pakistan declared as an aggressor, only to be stuck with a cease-fire despite having been in a stronger position and the armed forces poised to take all of Kashmir. The cease-fire line was drawn at what is now called the "Line of Control" and several historians are of the belief that the Kashmir problem would not have persisted as we know it today if India had fought on to outright victory. However, others claim that if India had not gone to the SC first Pakistan may have done so and only further complicated the problem. 1. The earliest acts of aggression were committed by the Moslem invaders in 712 A.D. They were carried out on orders by the governor of a province (now in Iraq) called Hajjaj. The leaders of the invaders were asked to carry out ruthless acts of aggression which involved destruction of sculptures, palaces, temples etc along with the mass killing of men and women! Who was the commander of the invading forces? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Muhammad Qasim The invaders were largely unsuccessful in capturing much. Qasim, at one time, was quite benevolent towards the victims. However, on hearing this, Hajjaj wrote to him, "It appears from your letter that all the rules made by you for the comfort and convenience of your men are strictly in accordance with religious law. But the way of granting pardon prescribed by the law is different from the one adopted by you, for you go on giving pardon to everybody, high or low, without any discretion between a friend and a foe. The great God says in the Koran [47.4]: "O True believers, when you encounter the unbelievers, strike off their heads." The above command of the Great God is a great command and must be respected and followed. You should not be so fond of showing mercy, as to nullify the virtue of the act. Henceforth grant pardon to no one of the enemy and spare none of them, or else all will consider you a weak-minded man." – www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/Printable.asp?ID=4649 65% of players have answered correctly. 2. The first successful attack on Indian soil was carried out by this invader, a ruthless tyrant at best. More than upholding Islamic principles, he was more concerned with plundering and pillaging various palaces, temples etc. Much of the information regarding his activities came from Aarikh-i-Yamini of Utbi – a close confidant of this invader. Name this invader. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Mahmud of Ghaznavi (Ghazni) An excerpt from the diaries of Yamini read, "The blood of the infidels flowed so copiously at Thanesar that the stream was discolored, not withstanding its purity, and people were unable to drink it. The Sultan returned with plunder which is impossible to count. Praise be to Allah for the honor he bestows on Islam and Muslims." Some more excerpts can be viewed at http://sarvadharma.org/Museum/shame/ghazni.htm 82% of players have answered correctly. 3. This Moslem invader came to India on the invitation of a Hindu king (to eliminate Prithiviraj Chauhan – another Rajput king). His battle with Chauhan (First battle of Tarain.) resulted in him being defeated and seriously wounded. He was pardoned by Chauhan and allowed to return to Ghazni. However he came back with a stronger army the next year and defeated Chauhan and put the latter to death. After this, he started the usual pillaging, murder etc. Who was this invader? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Mahmud Ghori An excerpt from Hasan Nizami from his Taj-ul-MAASIR read, ‘three bastions were raised as high as heaven with their heads and their carcasses became food for the beasts of prey’. Kamil-ut-Tawarikh of Ibn Asir recorded, ‘"The slaughter of Hindus (at Varanasi) was immense; none were spared except women and children, (who were taken into slavery) and the carnage of men went on until the earth was weary." 80% of players have answered correctly. 4. Who said, ‘For the sake of Islam I became a wanderer, I battled infidels and Hindus, I determined to become a martyr, Thank God I became a Killer of Non-Muslims!’ He also destroyed temples and built mosques in its place – one of which was to become the cause of one of the worst communal riots the world has ever seen. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Babur The mosque he built at Ayodha was demolished by Hindu fanatics in 1992. More excerpts from Baburnama, Babur’s memoirs are recorded at http://sarvadharma.org/Museum/shame/babur.htm 69% of players have answered correctly. 5. He was the greatest of all Mughal emperors – a man who tried to bridge the gap between the two religions. His only major act of ‘ruthlessness’ came on February 24th, 1568 when he ordered 30,000 Hindus to be slain (after the battle of Chittod). Who was this emperor? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Akbar Akbar even created a new religion – ‘Din-i-ilahi’ which combined the virtues of Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Buddhism. . He was also a patron of classical literature and art. A brief insight on Akbar can be got at http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/history/mughal/mughal3.shtml 79% of players have answered correctly. 6. This emperor’s acts of aggression were more towards the Sikhs than Hindus as such. His torture of Guru Arjun Dev has been recorded in many literatures. He also killed many Hindus for refusing to convert to Islam. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Jahangir It is said that Guru Arjun Dev was offered freedom for a fine of two lakh rupees, however he refused his followers' offer to collect the money for him and instead asked them to use it to help the poor. Guru Arjun Dev was tortured to death. Excerpts on this can be found at http://sarvadharma.org/Museum/shame/jahangir.htm 61% of players have answered correctly. 7. In terms of sheer ruthlessness he may have been the master of them all... a man who imprisoned this father and killed his brother, is the last sort of person one would expect to show mercy to people of other faiths. He destroyed more than 10, 000 non-Moslem places of worship during his lifetime. Also known as the ‘The Scourge of the Kafirs’, who was this Emperor? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Aurangazeb Most of Aurangazeb’s atrocities are too heinous to write. Some of them are mentioned in http://sarvadharma.org/Museum/shame/aurang.htm 85% of players have answered correctly. 8. Fast Forward to the British Raj. Times were changing, both sides temporarily joined forces to fight the British. The latter, on their part, tried to create (and increase) the rift between the two religions by various government policies like ‘Divide and Rule’. The British were successful to a minor extent in this pursuit till the two-nation theory came up. It sowed the seeds for the partition of India (which witnessed the bloodiest acts of violence and protests). Who first proposed the Two-Nation theory? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Dr. Allama Iqbal Dr Allama Iqbal proposed the Two Nation theory during the Allahabad session of the Muslim League in 1930. Things were quiet on that front till the start of the Second World War. Over 15 million people became overnight refugees due to the partition. 27% of players have answered correctly. 9. Now the tables turned; it became various Hindu organizations committing atrocities in the name of religion. On the 6th of December of 1992, around 300 thousand Hindus destroyed the Babri Masjid (Mosque). This led to the worst communal riots India had seen till then. Which of the following Hindu organizations was involved in this act? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was All of them were involved The move to build the temple gained momentum through the ‘Rath Yatra’ by L.K Advani, a BJP leader. In the resulting riots, over 2000 people lost their lives. Further riot took place in various parts of the country - the worst affected being the city of Bombay (now Mumbai). A lot of people (predominatly Moslems) lost their lives during the riots. Reports of the riots at Bombay can be accessed at http://www.pucl.org/from-archives/Religion-communalism/bombay-riots.htm and statistics of lives lost and property damaged can be accessed at http://www.geocities.com/indianfascism/bombay_riot/bombay_riots.htm 67% of players have answered correctly. 10. In February 2002, communal riots took place in the state of Gujarat when some Moslems burned down a railway coach containing ‘karsevaks’ or Hindu religious workers. What happened next is the usual stuff – more deaths, mass rioting, looting and pillaging. Accusations and counter-accusations flew left, right and centre on what actually happened on that day. At least one thing won’t change from that date – the coach. What was the coach number? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was S-6 S-6 or 2nd class Sleeper No 6 of the Sabarmati Express was set on fire, roasting the people inside. It is actually being said that the Hindu karsevaks threw a moslem vendor out of the bogey at the previous station just because of his religion. While allegations fly thick and fast on who actually committed the crime, the inescapable conclusion is that a whole lot of people died in the next one week. This quiz is only a small portion of the whole picture. The common bond with all the personalities mentioned in the quiz is that both Islam and Hinduism have used by these 'distinguished' gentlemen as a means to ensure personal gain. This quiz merely traces the history of such major violences in a chronological order. The incidents mentioned in this quiz are some of the more bloodier incidents over the last millennium. At the same time, there have been rulers who have helped bridge relations between the two religions like Akbar (except for that one act), Tipu Sultan, Hyder Ali (then again this quiz is not about that topic, is it?) 1. Chandragupta, who first gained power after capturing the rich Ganges Valley, went on to create what ancient Indian empire with his son and grandson? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Maurya In ancient times, northern India was a major battle ground where rich and rival rajahs fought for control of the powerful, bountiful, and rich Ganges Valley. Finally in 321 BC, Chandragupta Maurya, started the first Indian Empire. 81% of players have answered correctly. 2. After Chandragupta forged his empire in the north, what geographic feature did he conquer most of after capturing the Ganges Valley? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Deccan The Deccan is a vast plateau between the mountain ranges of the coasts of India. The Deccan was a very rich resource in ancient times and still is today because of its rich, agricultural soil which is used to make cotton. 31% of players have answered correctly. 3. We know most of what we know today because of Megasthenes, an ambassador to the Maurya court. What empire was Megasthenes an ambassador for? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Greek Megasthenes described what he called "the great capital of Pataliputra" as the most largest and prosperous city in the world. He wrote about its palaces, school, temples, parks, and said that the wall around the city "was crowned with 570 towers and had 64 gates". All quotations are from copies of Megasthene's report of Patiliputra. 74% of players have answered correctly. 4. Which of these facts about Chandragupta is true? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was He trained women to protect his palace. Chandragupta was perhaps one of the most anxious emperors, and he particularly feared being killed. As well as training woman to be guards and putting them to protect the palace, he also had servants taste his food to protect him from poisoning and made secret palaces in the palace to protect him from being harmed if ever his palace was invaded. 38% of players have answered correctly. 5. Known as the "philosopher king", Asoka was the emperer of the Maurya empire as of 268 BC. What was his relationship to Chandragupta, the original founder of the empire? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Grandson Asoka was known as the philosopher king throughout the empire because after becoming emporer, he fought a battle to conquer the Deccan region of Kalinga. After seeing all the violence and slaughter that had happened, he turned his back on violence and converted to Buddhism. 81% of players have answered correctly. 6. Which of these was not one of the things Asoka did for his people during his rule? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Set up food banks in poor towns After making a public speech calling everyone in his kingdom his children, he set out to help them. He began by building roads, rest hourses, hospitals and by making stone pillars with virtues on them, planting mango groves, and making shelters. He also became a vegetarian and limited Hindu animal sacrifices, but encouraged a tolerance in religion. 49% of players have answered correctly. 7. After the fall of the Maurya empire in India, what was the next major empire to unite many kingdoms in India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Gupta Between the time of the Maurya empire and Gupta empire, which lasted about 500 years, many kingdoms popped up on the Deccan Plateau and in Southern India. Some of these kingdoms included the Tamil kingdom which was known for its rich literature and the Dravidians, who were known for a very different culture and customs. 81% of players have answered correctly. 8. Which of these important inventions that is used all around the world was created by the Gupta civilization? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 'Arabic' Numeral System The Gupta civilization took pride in its education system and its mathematics in the ancient world. The number system that they created - which is now known as the 'Arabic' numeral system, was based on the number zero. The Gupta civilization was also very advanced in herbal medicine. They were skilled in setting bones and in simple plastic surgery. Also, the Gupta civilization began vaccinating people for smallpox thousands of years before the Western world started doing it. 67% of players have answered correctly. 9. Which of these remains of the Gupta empire is the western Indian city of Ajanta most notable for? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Cave Painting In the caverns of Ajanta, India, one can see the many cave paintings that were left on the walls of cave temples. The Buddhists who had their temples their painting mural of Buddhist stories and legends and also of scenes of Gupta India. 65% of players have answered correctly. 10. During his time of life in the Gupta empire, which of these is a famous play that the Gupta poet Kalidasa wrote? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Shakuntala Shakuntala is the story of how a highly king married a poor orphan, whose name was Shakuntala. However, the king was put under a spell and forgot about his bride. Eventually, he recovers his memory and the two of them become one again. 1. When was the East India Company founded? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 1600 The merchants found it too dangerous and expensive to trade individually, so they got together and agreed to help each other. The East India Company was a joint stock company and began with 219 members. From the outset it was a major entreprise. 76% of players have answered correctly. 2. Which Indian cities were the first trading posts established by the East India Company? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Madras and Calcutta Bengal was the first area targetted, due to its ideal coastal location, and proximity to the Ganges, which opened up a vast area of potential trade. 72% of players have answered correctly. 3. Why was the Mughal empire weakened, and less able to prevent the British from expanding their power base in India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was all of these reasons The local rulers, who had previously supported the emperors, were now more powerful, and less likely to support the emperors. They were refusing to pass the taxes they collected on to the emperors. The Persians and Afghans attacked several times, under Shah Durrani and Nadir Shah. 69% of players have answered correctly. 4. Why did the East India Company decide to recruit its own army? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was to protect its trade from attack There were originally no plans to take political control of India, but the company wanted to protect its trade routes. 40% of players have answered correctly. 5. Which city was captured from the British by local ruler Siraj-ud-Daula in 1756? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Calcutta It is now called Kolkata. Siraj disliked the British, and attacked and took control of Calcutta when he became ruler in Bengal. 67% of players have answered correctly. 6. Which English lieutenant-colonel recaptured Calcutta from Siraj-ud-Daula? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Clive Other accepted answers: robert clive Robert Clive Robert Clive brought his army from Madras further south, and recaptured Calcutta at the Battle of Plassey in 1757. 43% of players have answered correctly. 7. How did the British win the Battle of Plassey in 1757? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was they persuaded the enemy's general to change sides Mir Jafar was an important follower of Siraj-ud-Daula. He made a deal with Clive, and agreed not to lead his men into battle against the British. In return, he was made ruler of Bengal after Siraj's capture and execution. This was on condition that he support the British, though. 54% of players have answered correctly. 8. What practice was banned by Governor-General Bentinck in 1829? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was the Hindu custom of widows burning themselves on the death of their husbands Sati, or suttee, was the custom of a widow committing suicide on her husband's funeral pyre. 80% of players have answered correctly. 9. In what year did Queen Victoria become Empress of India (in addition to being Queen of England)? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 1877 This was purely a matter of assuming an imperial title and had no practical significance. Hitherto, Britain had had an empire but on paper, no emperor or empress. 18% of players have answered correctly. 10. In 1857 there was a major rebellion against the British. Where did it begin? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Meerut It is not entirely clear what happened, as many sources disagree about the facts. However, many Indians and British were killed, including many British children and women. This rebellion led to the British government assuming sole control in place of the East India Company. (Previously there had been a complicated system of dual control). 1. What was the significance of the English Royal Charter? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was It allowed the East India Company to keep any booty that was obtained by means of wars against the enemies of the King and the Company. This act was implemented on 14 January 1758. 39% of players have answered correctly. 2. Who was the Governor General of India when the treasury was shifted from Murshidabad to Calcutta? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Warren Hastings The treasury was shifted for better control and convenience. 50% of players have answered correctly. 3. Which was the first state to come under the grip of Subsidiary Alliance? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Hyderabad The Nizam of Hyderabad accepted the terms of the Subsidiary Alliance because he feared the Marathas and Tipu Sultan. 32% of players have answered correctly. 4. Under the Permanent Settlement how much was a Zamindar required to give to the government? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Ten elevenths The Permanent Settlement was introduced by Lord Cornwallis in 1793 in Bengal. 17% of players have answered correctly. 5. Whose pioneering work resulted in the suppression of Thugee by 1830? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Colonel Sleeman Other accepted answers: Sleeman William Sleeman Sir William Sleeman Colonel William Sleeman Sir Sleeman From 1831 to 1837 no fewer than 3,266 thugs had been captured, of whom 412 were hanged, 483 gave evidence for the state, and the remainder were transported or imprisoned for life. The fraternity presumably thereafter became extinct. 8% of players have answered correctly. 6. Whose views finally settled the 'language controversy' on the introduction of English in India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Lord Macaulay The big controversy on language was settled when Lord Macaulay became the chairman of the General committee of Public Instruction. He presented his views in his famous lecture on 2 February 1835. It was he who said, 'a single shelf of a good European Library is worth the whole native literature of India and Arabia'. 65% of players have answered correctly. 7. Which state was the first to be annexed on the basis of the Doctrine of Lapse? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Satara It was annexed in 1848 as the Raja of Satara had died without leaving any heir to the throne. The Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie. 50% of players have answered correctly. 8. Which state was annexed by the British in 1856 on the grounds of misgovernment? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Oudh The ruler of Oudh, Wajid Ali Shah, was asked to abdicate on grounds of misgovernment. On his refusal, Oudh was annexed to the British Empire in 1856. 54% of players have answered correctly. 9. Who started the newspaper 'Vande Mataram' in the U.K.? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Madame Bhikhaji Cama Madame Cama started this newspaper in the U.K. in 1861. 45% of players have answered correctly. 10. Who was first designated as the Governor-General of India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Lord Bentinck Lord William Bentinck was Governor-General from 1828-35. His greatest achievement was the abolition of Sati (the burning of a widow on her husband's funeral pyre) by Regulation XVII of 1829. As governor of Madras from 1803, he introduced reforms that provoked a mutiny among the Indian soldiers (sepoys), and was recalled 1807. He became governor general of Bengal 1827 and then Governor-General of India the following year. 38% of players have answered correctly. 11. Which Viceroy was known as 'The Father of Local Self-Government'? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Lord Ripon He was Viceroy from 1880-84. He was called so because he paid great attention to this field. 38% of players have answered correctly. 12. The Cabinet Mission of 1946 comprised of three members viz. Sir Stafford Cripps, A.V. Alexander and _________. Who was the third member? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Lord Pethwick Lawrence Other accepted answers: Lord Lawrence Pethwick Lawrence The Cabinet Misson was sent to India in February 1946 to ascertain as to how independence should be granted to India. This Mission held consultations both with the Congress and the Muslim League ,but as no unanimous decision could be reached so it published its own recommendations, which were the following:- 1. There should be a federation of India comprising both the Indian States and British India. It should deal with foreign policy, defence and means of communication. 2. A Constituent Assembly should be elected to draw up the future constitution of the country. 3. Till the constitution was ready, an Interim Government of all the parties should be set up at the centre. 4% of players have answered correctly. 13. Who was the first Indian to be directly recruited to the Indian Civil Service? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Satyendra Nath Tagore Tagore was the first Indian to be directly elected into the Covenanted Civil Service. This was later renamed as the Indian Civil Service. 32% of players have answered correctly. 14. Who earned the epithet 'Liberator of the Indian Press'? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Charles Metcalfe Other accepted answers: Metcalfe He acted as Governor-General from 1835 to 1837. He earned this epithet because he repealed the rule of John Adam requiring printers to obtain a licence before publishing a newspaper. This so alarmed the directors that he forfeited his chance of permanent appointment and hence in 1837 he resigned the service but lived to be Governor of Jamaica in 1839 and Governor-General of Canada in 1843. 5% of players have answered correctly. 15. In 1912 a bomb blast wounded Lord Hardinge. Who was behind the conspiracy? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Ras Behari Bose Ras Behari was considered the brain behind the conspiracy but he could not be apprehended. 24% of players have answered correctly. 16. What term did Montague use for the policy adopted by the British to check the crimes committed by the revolutionaries? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Blended repression and concession 23% of players have answered correctly. 17. Under whose leadership was a 'Provisional Independent Government' of India' set up? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Surya Sen Such a government was set up on 18 April 1930 at Chittagong (now in Bangladesh). 15% of players have answered correctly. 18. Who was the chairman of the two commissions that arranged the partition of Punjab and Bengal? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Sir Cyril Radcliffe Other accepted answers: Cyril Radcliffe Radcliffe 7% of players have answered correctly. 19. Who was the Governor-General of India at the outbreak of the Second World War? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Lord Linlithgow Victor Alexander John Hope Linlithgow was viceroy and governor general of India from 1936-43 and Marquess 1908. From 1943-47 Lord Wavell was the viceroy of India and Lord Mountbatten was the last viceroy of India in 1947 and he completed the formalities which saw the country being divided into two dominions of Pakistan and India on 14 and 15 August respectively. 28% of players have answered correctly. 20. Which act was passed in context of 'Komagata Maru' incident? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was The Defence of India Act This act which was passed in 1915 authorised the government to appoint special tribunals for the trial of revolutionaries. 1. Which old Indus Valley site can still be visited today? Your Answer: Harappa The correct answer was Lothal Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa were the two greatest cities of the Indus Valley civilisation (2600-1900 BC). Lothal is located close to Ahmedabad. Amri is one the first Indus Valley villages. 33% of players have answered correctly. 2. Under which king did the Mauryan empire reached its apogee? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Ashoka Chandragupta Maurya was the king who founded the Mauryan Empire. He ruled from 320-298 BC. Bindusara (298-272 BC) was his son and Ashoka's father. Ashoka (273-232 BC) is considered one of India's greatest kings. Chandragupta II (380-415 BC) was also known as Vikramaditya, he belonged to the Gupta empire (320-550 BC). 62% of players have answered correctly. 3. Which Chola king built the Brihadisvara Temple? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Raja Raja Chola I Raja Raja Chola I (985-1014 AD) was one of greatest Chola kings. He expanded the Chola kingdom by winning more territory and so this laid a base for it to become an empire. Rajendra Chola I (1014-1044 AD) s his son. Rajadhiraja Chola (1018-1054 AD) was his son. Rajendra Chola II (1054-1063 AD) was Rajadhiraja Chola's son. They were part of the Chola dynasty. The Chola Empire was based in Southern (and Eastern) India. In its heyday it included Sri Lanka, the Malay Peninsula and much of modern Indonesia. 48% of players have answered correctly. 4. Who was considered the "Napoleon of India" ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Samudragupta Chandragupta I (320-335 AD) was the first of his dynasty to be called "Maharajadhiraja". Chandragupta II (375-414 AD), also known as Vikramaditya, was one of the most powerful emperors of the Gupta Empire. Skandagupta (455-467 AD) was the grandson of Chadradragupta II and he is considered the last of the Gupta Emperors. Samudragupta (335–380 AD) is Chandragupta I's son. He made many conquests and acquired a lot of territory - hence his nickname the "Napoleon of India" 61% of players have answered correctly. 5. How old was Akbar when he was crowned emperor? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 13 Akbar (1556–1605 AD) is considered the greatest Mughal king. He was also weel known for his religious toleration. 63% of players have answered correctly. 6. Who founded the Maratha empire? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Shivaji Shivaji is still a great hero to many people in India. Sambhaji (1657-1689 AD) was the eldest son of Shivaji and was his succesor. Shahuji (1707-1749 AD) was Sambhaji's son. Bharathji is someone I just made up. 74% of players have answered correctly. 7. Which European colonial power was last to come to India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Denmark The Spaniards never came to India. The Danes came to India in the 17th century. The French came to India around the 1640s. The Dutch came to India around 1600. 28% of players have answered correctly. 8. When was the Indian National Congress founded? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 1885 Indian National Congress is a political party in India. (Its leader presently is Sonia Gandhi). It was created by A. O. Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji and Sir Dinshaw Edulji Wacha in 1885. 67% of players have answered correctly. 9. After India won its independence who became its first President? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Rajendra Prasad Jawarharlal Nehru was India's first Prime Minister. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel became the first Deputy Prime Minister and its Home Minister. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President of India and the second President of India. 71% of players have answered correctly. 10. Which is the third national holiday of India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Gandhi Jayanti Gandhi Jayanti is Mahatama Gandhi's birthday and is celebrated on October 2nd. Independence Day is celebrated on August 15. Republic Day is celebrated on January 26. 1. Who was the commander of Rani Lekshmi Bai's forces during the first war of independence in 1857? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Tantya Tope After the death of Rani Lekshmi Bai, Tantya Tope went into hiding where a comrade betrayed him to the British. Note that the British refer to this war of independence as 'The Indian Mutiny'. 62% of players have answered correctly. 2. The British had a policy of renaming Indian cities when they were in power. What was the original name of the city Trivandrum? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Anantapuri Trivandrum was named Thiruvanathapuram by the Kerala government in the 1980's. It is also the capital of the state of Kerala. 35% of players have answered correctly. 3. Lord Clive was Governor of Bengal twice but what was his position in the East India Company when he first came to India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Clerk Robert Clive led the British to victory in the Battle of Plassey (1757), laying the foundation for British rule in India. Lord Clive was Governor of Bengal from 1757 to 1760 and again from 1765 to 1767. 47% of players have answered correctly. 4. Who fought the third Mysore war against the British? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan was the son of Hyder Ali; he was also known as the "Mysore Tiger". There were, in all, four Mysore wars. The third of these was fought from 1790 to 1792. 77% of players have answered correctly. 5. Lord William Bentick was the best Governor-General India had. Which of the following cannot be attributed to him? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Laying of railway lines Laying of railway lines took place during the governorship of Lord Dalhousie. Bentinck is more famous for his educational reforms. Lord Bentinck was Governor-General of India from 1828 to 1835. 38% of players have answered correctly. 6. Which event/thing sparked off the Revolt of 1857? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Greased cartridges A new type of rifle (Enfield rifle) was introduced in the army; this rifle required the use of greased cartridges. Before fitting them into the rifles, the soliders had to bite the end of the cartridges with their teeth. A rumour spread stating that the cartridges were greased with fat of pigs (offensive to Muslims) and cows (which offended Hindus). On 29th March, 1857, a brahmin sepoy named Mangal Pandey refused to use the cartridges and killed 2 English officers. He was hanged, after which uprisings took place in various parts of the country. 83% of players have answered correctly. 7. Who abolished the Vernacular Press Act in 1882? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Lord Ripon Lord Lytton introduced the Vernacular Press Act in 1878 to curb the freedom of the Indian press. Lord Ripon succeeded Lord Lytton and abolished the Act in 1882. 38% of players have answered correctly. 8. When was the first census in India taken? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 1881 Lord Ripon introduced the system of census in India. 34% of players have answered correctly. 9. Who said: "If I were asked under what sky the human mind was fully developed, I should point to India."? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Max Muller Max Muller, German by origin, was one of the greatest scholars of Sanskrit. He was responsible for the first English translation of the Rig Veda (1875). The irony is Max Muller never visited India. 45% of players have answered correctly. 10. The first railway line in India, laid in 1853, connected Bombay and which town? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Thane It was in 1853 that that the first line was laid; by 1905 28,000 miles of railway lines were laid. 72% of players have answered correctly. 10. Bal Gangadhar Tilak launched the Civil Disobedience movement. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was False Gandhiji launched the Civil Disobedience movement in the year 1930. 70% of players have answered correctly. 1. When did India achieve Independence? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was August 15,1947 India and Pakistan were divided into separate countries, and India achieved independence on 15 August 1947. 93% of players have answered correctly. 2. Who built the Taj Mahal in India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Shah Jahan The Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is widely reckoned one of the wonders of the world. It took 23 years' hard work (1630-53) by 20,000 workers to build the masterpiece. 93% of players have answered correctly. 3. Who was the first Mughal emperor of India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Babar The first Mughal emperor was Babar. He was crowned himself the king after he defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the First Battle of Panipat in 1526. 82% of players have answered correctly. 4. Which king had nine "gems" (that is, very talented persons) in his court? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Akbar The nine "gems" in Akbar's court were Birbal, Abu Fazl, Tansen, Faizi, Raja Man Singh, Humam, Raja Todar Mal, Mulla Do Piyaza, Abdur Rahim Khan. 84% of players have answered correctly. 5. Who completed the construction of Qutb Minar at Delhi? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Iltutmish Qutb-ud-din Aibak started the construction of Qutb Minar. But he died without completing it, and the next ruler, Iltutmish, completed the work. 53% of players have answered correctly. 6. Who defeated the Marathas in the third battle of Panipat? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was The Afghans Towards the middle of the 18th century, the Marathas, under the leadership of the Peshwas had established their sway over Haryana and most of North India. The incursion of the Afghan, Ahmed Shah Abdali, into India, culminated in the third battle of Panipat on January 14, 1761. Ahmad Shah defeated the Marathas and this marked the end of the Maratha ascendancy. The defeat of the Marathas and the rapid decline of the Mughal empire after Aurangzeb's death, led ultimately to British rule. 28% of players have answered correctly. 7. Where was India's first civilization settled? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Indus Valley The Indus Civilization flourished between circa 2600 and 1800 B.C. along the Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra rivers and adjacent regions, laying the foundation for the civilization of the peoples of South Asia. 90% of players have answered correctly. 8. In which year was India's capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 1911 In 1911 India's capital was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi because Delhi was situated in the centre of the country making it free from external dangers. It also had a more pleasant and healthy climate. 57% of players have answered correctly. 9. Who founded the Mauryan Empire in India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Chandragupta By the end of the third century BC, most of North India was knit together in the first great Indian empire by Chandragupta Maurya. His son Bindusara extended the Mauryan empire over virtually the entire subcontinent, giving rise to an imperial vision that was to dominate successive centuries of political aspirations. The greatest Mauryan emperor was Ashoka (286-231 BC) whose successful campaigns culminated in the annexation of Kalinga (modern Orissa). Overcome by the horrors of war, he was probably the first victorious ruler to renounce war on the battlefield. Ashoka converted to Buddhism, but did not impose his faith on his subjects. Instead, he tried to convert them through edicts inscribed on rock in the local dialects, using the earliest known post-Harappan script known as Brahmi. 83% of players have answered correctly. 10. When did India become a sovereign Democratic Republic? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was 1950 India became a sovereign Democratic Republic in January 26 1950, which is celebrated on India as the "Republic Day". 10. The distruction of a mosque at what place in India by Hindu militants caused angry reactions by the Muslim community in India? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Ayodhya The Hindus claimed that this mosque was built, by the Mughals, on the site of Hindu hero Rama's birthplace. 78% of players have answered correctly. 1. The Indian National Congress in 1947 wanted a particular person to lead Independent India but he was asked by Gandhi to not to stand for the same as he wanted his protege Jawarharlal Nehru to be India's first leader. Which leader are we talking about? Your Answer: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose The correct answer was Sardar Vallabhai Patel Also known as "The Iron Man of India", he was a great leader and was independent India's first Home Minister. The fact that he was asked not to stand is mentioned in the book "Murder of Democracy" and a hint is given in the movie "Patel". 64% of players have answered correctly. 2. Gandhi didn't approve of one of India's leading freedom fighters because Gandhi considered his methods as "not adhering to his concept of Ahimsa". This leader thus didn't get much support from the Indian National Congress because of this attitude on Gandhi's part. Later he formed the Indian National Army and fought against the British in the Second World War. Which leader am I am talking about? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Netaji resigned from the Indian Civil Service in 1921 to join the Non-Cooperation movement lead by Gandhi. However it is a common fact that Netaji believed in "Immediate action", which was not appreciated by Gandhi. 80% of players have answered correctly. 3. Gandhi held the viewpoint that all sexual union is lust, except that for the specific purpose of having children. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was t This was revealed by him in an interview with Mrs Margaret Sanger. Excerpts from their debate can be accessed at http://www.nyu.edu/projects/sanger/gandhi.htm. 75% of players have answered correctly. 4. Gandhi was shot by a Hindu 'fanatic' who held him responsible for the 1947 partition of India and the communal riots that followed. What was the name of the assassin? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Nathuram Godse He was shot on January 30th, 1948 - the day is declared as Martyr's Day in India. Nathuram Godse was hanged on November 15th, 1949. Mr Godse was actually a highly educated man. Why did he do it? "Me Nathuram Godse Boltoy" was a play which tried to depict his side of the story - however the play and the book were banned by almost all state governments in India. 80% of players have answered correctly. 5. One of the main reasons why Hindu fundamentalists were against Gandhi was due to the fact while Gandhi was prompt in his protest and criticism of Hindu violence against Muslims in India, he didn't even protest or censure the Pakistani government or the Muslims concerning violence against Hindus. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was t Well, not everyone gets to hear what Nathuram Godse had to say - in fact his statement at his trial can be accessed at http://ngodse.tripod.com/defense.htm. It makes good reading (from a neutral point of view). 76% of players have answered correctly. 6. Which of these freedom fighters of India had a role in the assassination of Gandhi, according to the book "Freedom at Midnight" by Dominic Lapierre and Larry Collins ? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Veer Savarkar He was however acquitted by the Indian Courts for lack of evidence. A rare picture of all concerned can be seen at http://members.tripod.com/ngodse/photos.html . More Details about Savarkar could be obtained at www.kamat.com/kalranga/itihas/vds.htm . 62% of players have answered correctly. 7. Gandhi was not known to be too happy about the substitution of the Gandhi Charkha (Khadi Wheel) by Ashoka Chakra(Wheel) in the Indian National flag. Who finally convinced him? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Jawarharlal Nehru "A chakra is a chakra". In fact when the Indian national flag was first designed by Pingali Venkayya, Gandhi first approved it, then thought about it and asked Venkayya to redesign the flag by adding a white band in the middle (the flag already had the Saffron and Green bands). 45% of players have answered correctly. 8. Gandhi pressured Sardar Patel to give Rupees 55 Crores of Sterling balance to Pakistan after Partition. Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was T Another move which didn't make him popular with people who were dispossessed during the partition. It also gave the Hindu fanatics more reason to believe that Gandhi was being partial to the Moslems. Excerpts from http://www.ofbjp.org/news/0898/0002.html make interesting reading. 75% of players have answered correctly. 9. Gandhi called a particular man "my beloved brother". To whom was he referring? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Adolf Hitler According to Francois Gautier, Gandhi never seemed to realise the great danger that Fascism represented to humanity. Kindly read http://www.rediff.com/news/1999/aug/13india.htm. Maybe the statement was made in jest (because of the Aryan connection), maybe it wasn't. 15. Who founded Sikhism? Your Answer: [No Answer] The correct answer was Guru Nanak Dev Sikhism emerged in the fifteenth century AD. The Sikhs had 10 gurus, the last of whom was Guru Gobind Singh, who lived in the time of the Mughal emperor Aurangazeb. Aurangazeb was a tyrant, and the two main centres of resistance to his power were the Marathas in the West of India and the Sikhs in the North.